- Sparked by the work of Robert Stalnaker, this paper integrates some of Lewis's views in formal semantics1 and formal pragmatics.
- Drawing an analogy with the practice of scorekeeping in baseball, Lewis proposes the notion of a "conversational score" that varies depending on the semantic vicissitudes arising from the contexts in which context-sensitive terms (e.g. "flat") are used.
- In such cases, Lewis argues, certain "rules of accommodation" inform the practice of natural discourse.
- Lewis demonstrates this phenomenon at work in a number of examples, including presupposition, permissibility, definite descriptions, reference, vagueness, modality2, performatives, and making plans.
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