<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Goldman (Alvin) - The Individuation of Action (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_00/PaperSummary_223.htm">The Individuation of Action</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/G/Author_Goldman (Alvin).htm">Goldman (Alvin)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: Journal of Philosophy 68.21, Nov. 1971, pp. 761-774</th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=200><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_00/PaperSummary_223.htm">Paper Summary</A></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><U>Philosophers Index Abstract</U><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1">Three principal difficulties for the anscombe-davidson pattern of <a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_77.htm">act-individuation</A><SUP>1</SUP> are raised: the by-relation problem, the problem of causes and effects and the problem of time. In light of such difficulties, the units of action must be sliced more thinly. I suggest that an act-token be viewed as the exemplifying of an act-type by a person at a time; act-tokens are identical just in case they are tokens of the same type performed by the same person at the same time. I show how one approach to the logical form of action sentences is congenial to this analysis, and the ontological consequences of the analysis are explored. The notion of an act-tree is introduced, first, to account for the unity one senses among acts which are counted as distinct, and second, to capture the natural ordering that holds among such acts.</ol></FONT><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-02T05:30" pubdate>02/08/2018 05:30:06</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>