<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Dennett (Daniel) - Conditions of Personhood (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_00/PaperSummary_545.htm">Conditions of Personhood</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/D/Author_Dennett (Daniel).htm">Dennett (Daniel)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: Dennett - Brainstorms - Philosophical Essays on Mind and Psychology, Chapter 14</th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=600><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_00/PaperSummary_545.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_00/PaperCitings_545.htm">Books / Papers Citing this Paper</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_00/PapersToNotes_545.htm">Notes Citing this Paper</A></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Dennett suggests that the concepts of  person and  human being are not necessarily co-extensive. He also distinguishes the two intertwined notions of personhood  moral and metaphysical. He defends the following 6  themes as necessary conditions of personhood:- <ol type="1"><li>Persons are <I>rational beings</I>.</li><li>Persons are beings to which states of consciousness are attributed, or to which psychological or mental or <I>intentional predicates</I> are ascribed.</li><li>Whether something counts as a person depends in some way on an <I>attitude taken</I> toward it, a <I>stance adopted</I> with respect to it. </li><li>The object toward which this personal stance is taken must be capable of <I>reciprocating</I> in some way. </li><li>Persons must be capable of <I>verbal communication</I>.</li><li>Persons are distinguishable from other entities by being <I>conscious</I> in some special way: there is a way in which <I>we</I> are conscious in which no other species is conscious. Sometimes this is identified as <I>self</I>-consciousness of one sort or another. </li></ol>Dennett addresses three issues to do with these 6 themes: <ol type="1"><li>How (on his interpretation) are these 6 themes dependent on one another?</li><li>Why are they necessary conditions of moral personhood?</li><li>Why is it so hard to say whether they are jointly <I>sufficient</I> conditions for moral personhood? </li></ol>For further discussion, <a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_115.htm">Click here for Note</A>, together with a supervision - <a name="2"></a><A HREF="../../Secure_Jen/Notes_7/Notes_732.htm">Click here for Note</A> - discussion on this paper.<hr><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><B>Comment: </B><ul type="disc"><li>Part IV. Free Will and Personhood.</li><li>Also in <a name="4"></a>"<A HREF = "../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_00/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_46.htm">Rorty (Amelie), Ed. - The Identities of Persons</A>"; </li><li>Photocopy filed in <a name="5"></a>"<A HREF = "../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_06/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_6296.htm">Various - Papers on Identity Boxes: Vol 05 (D-E)</A>". </li><li>See <a name="3"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_05/Abstract_5263.htm">Wilson (David C.) - Functionalism and Moral Personhood: One View Considered</A>" for a critique.</li></ul><BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-02T05:34" pubdate>02/08/2018 05:34:23</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>