Locke Versus Aristotle on Natural Kinds
Ayers (Michael R.)
Source: Journal of Philosophy, 78.5 (May 1981), 247-272
Paper - Abstract

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    Something is said about the historical and philosophical importance of Locke's critique of Aristotelian species, including its relationship to modern theories like Kripke's and Putnam's. Then follows an account of logical doctrines associated with those aspects of 'Aristotelian' philosophy of science which must be understood if Locke is to be understood. Next comes a more detailed and referenced analysis of Locke's arguments and philosophical motives. Finally an attempt is made to say something specific, although necessarily brief and programmatic, about the philosophical gain, both for the philosophy of natural kinds1 and the theory of identity, from getting the history right.

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