<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Cole (David) - Chinese Room Argument (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_00/PaperSummary_765.htm">Chinese Room Argument</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/C/Author_Cole (David).htm">Cole (David)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: Stanford Encyclopaedia of Philosophy, 2004-9</th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=600><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_00/PaperSummary_765.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_00/PaperCitings_765.htm">Books / Papers Citing this Paper</A></td><td><A HREF="#ColourConventions">Text Colour-Conventions</a></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><U>Author s Abstract</U><FONT COLOR = "800080"><BR><BR>The Chinese Room argument, devised by John Searle, is an argument against the possibility of true artificial intelligence. The argument centers on a <a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_32.htm">thought experiment</A><SUP>1</SUP> in which someone who knows only English sits alone in a room following English instructions for manipulating strings of Chinese characters, such that to those outside the room it appears as if someone in the room understands Chinese. The argument is intended to show that while suitably programmed computers may appear to converse in natural language, they are not capable of understanding language, even in principle. Searle argues that the <a name="2"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_32.htm">thought experiment</A><SUP>2</SUP> underscores the fact that computers merely use syntactic rules to manipulate symbol strings, but have no understanding of meaning or semantics. Searle's argument is a direct challenge to proponents of Artificial Intelligence, and the argument also has broad implications for functionalist and computational theories of meaning and of mind. As a result, there have been many critical replies to the argument.<ol type="1"><li>Overview</li><li>Historical Background<BR>& 2.1 Leibniz Mill<BR>& 2.2 Turing's Paper Machine<BR>& 2.3 The Chinese Nation</li><li>The Chinese Room Argument</li><li>Replies to the Chinese Room Argument<BR>& 4.1 The Systems Reply<BR>& & 4.1.1 The Virtual Mind Reply<BR>& 4.2 The Robot Reply<BR>& 4.3 The Brain Simulator Reply<BR>& 4.4 The Other Minds Reply<BR>& 4.5 The Intuition Reply</li><li>The Larger Philosophical Issues<BR>& 5.1 Syntax and Semantics<BR>& 5.2 Intentionality<BR>& 5.3 Mind and Body<BR>& 5.4 Simulation, Duplication, and Evolution</li><li>Conclusion<BR>Bibliography<BR>Other Internet Resources<BR>Related Entries</li></ol></FONT><hr><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><B>Comment: </B><BR><BR>First published Fri Mar 19, 2004; substantive revision Tue Sep 22, 2009; <a name="W295W"></a><A HREF = "https://plato.stanford.edu/archives/win2009/entries/chinese-room/" TARGET = "_top">Link</A>.<BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-02T05:37" pubdate>02/08/2018 05:37:31</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>