The Structure of Virtue
Brandt (Richard B.)
Source: Midwest Studies in Philosophy (Vol XIII) - Ethical Theory: Character & Virtue
Paper - Abstract

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Philosophers Index Abstract

    Relying on a belief/desire theory of motivated action, it is suggested that a virtue is a relatively permanent desire or aversion directed at some action type (or outcome). Some vices are just lack of aversions, e.g., Toward dishonest behavior. Philosophers have questioned this account especially for self-control and courage. But the motivational theory is supported by the procedures of psychologists in treating lack of self-control, e.g., Advising setting subgoals, joining a weight-watchers group, rewarding daily successes, attaining a sense of competence. Self-control consists in having resultant motivations at least of average results. There is probably no "general" trait of self-control (or courage).

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