<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Williams (Christopher) - Extensionalists and Relativists; an Eirenic Interlude (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_03/PaperSummary_3408.htm">Extensionalists and Relativists; an Eirenic Interlude</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/W/Author_Williams (Christopher).htm">Williams (Christopher)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: Williams (Christopher) - What is Identity? Chapter 5</th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=400><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_03/PaperSummary_3408.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF="#ColourConventions">Text Colour-Conventions</a></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><u>Analytical <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P3408_1">TOC</A></U><SUB>1</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P3408_1"></A></u> <FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>Wittgenstein regards 'a = a' as a pseudo-proposition and Russell calls 'a exists' a 'mere noise or shape, devoid of significance'. </li><li>But truth-conditions can be laid down for ' exists' or ' is the same as ', taken as first-level predicables, in terms of their extensions. </li><li>How, on this view, is the meaning of ' exist' distinguishable from that of any predicable whose extension is the universal class? </li><li>Can ' exist' be defined as the only <em>simple</em> predicable whose extension is the universal class? </li><li>Similar questions can be asked about ' is the same as & .'. </li><li>Existence and identity, if introduced in this way as first-level concepts, have nothing to do with the words 'exist' and 'same' as they are used in everyday speech. </li><li>Kripke's manoeuvre of replacing <em>identity</em> with <em>schmidentity</em> examined. </li><li>Those who hold that identity is relative need to categorize ' is the same as......' as a first-level predicable. The relativist theory is incoherent on a Wittgensteinian view of identity. </li><li>But neither will the extensionalist account of identity give relativists what they want. This removes any hope extensionalists may have had of providing an identity concept of interest to philosophers. </li></ol> </FONT><hr><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><B>Comment: </B><BR><BR>Photocopy of complete Book filed in <a name="2"></a>"<A HREF = "../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_05/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_5977.htm">Various - Papers on Identity Boxes: Vol 19 (W)</A>".<BR><BR><HR><BR><U><B>In-Page Footnotes</U></B><a name="On-Page_Link_P3408_1"></A><BR><BR><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P3408_1"><B>Footnote 1</B></A></U>: Taken from <a name="1"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_03/Abstract_3562.htm">Williams (Christopher) - What Is Identity?: Introduction and Analytical Table of Contents</A>". The numbering corresponds to Williams s section-numbering. <BR><BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-02T06:07" pubdate>02/08/2018 06:07:22</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>