How We Are Not What We Believe
Parfit (Derek)
Source: Parfit - Reasons and Persons, January 1986, pp. 219-245(27).
Paper - Abstract

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Author’s Abstract

  1. Examines how the Psychological Criterion1 of identity is not circular, since psychological continuity2 can be described in a way that does not presuppose identity.
  2. It explores the subject of experiences; souls or Cartesian egos3;
  3. how a non-reductionist, Cartesian view might have been true.
  4. It offers spectrum arguments against both the Physical and Psychological Criteria4;
  5. how we think about ourselves in a way that would be justified only if a Cartesian view were true.


Part 3: Personal Identity: Chapter 11

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