<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Unger (Peter) - Physically Based Subjects and Their Experiences: Against the Six Metaphysical Doctrines (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_03/PaperSummary_3621.htm">Physically Based Subjects and Their Experiences: Against the Six Metaphysical Doctrines</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/U/Author_Unger (Peter).htm">Unger (Peter)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: Unger - Identity, Consciousness and Value, Chapter 6</th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=800><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_03/PaperSummary_3621.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_03/PaperCitings_3621.htm">Books / Papers Citing this Paper</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_03/PapersToNotes_3621.htm">Notes Citing this Paper</A></td><td><A HREF="#ColourConventions">Text Colour-Conventions</a></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><U>Extract from <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P3621_1">Overview</A></U><SUB>1</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P3621_1"></A></U><FONT COLOR = "800080"> <ol type="1"><li>Now, the <I>various factors</I> of assimilation are themselves pretty complex matters, as chapter 5 details. But this proves no obstacle to the physically based account's being <I>quite a good</I> answer to the book's leading question, <I>perhaps much</I> better than the available alternatives.</li><li>Related to the leading question, I address several other issues: As early as chapter 2, I articulate <I>six metaphysical doctrines</I> that, as I argue, underlie the appeal of transcendental views, and of dualistic views, of our survival. The three <I>most</I> appealing of these concern <I>conscious experience</I>:<BR>& (la) Experience is all-or-none.<BR>& (2a) Experience is completely private to a single subject.<BR>& (3a) Experience is absolutely indivisible.<BR>Deriving appeal partly from their connection with these doctrines are three others, concerning the <I>subjects that experience</I>:<BR>& (1b) A subject is all-or-none.<BR>& (2b) A subject is completely separate.<BR>& (3b) A subject is absolutely indivisible.<BR>By confronting them with numerous <a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_32.htm">thought-experiments</A><SUP>2</SUP>, in chapter 6 the appeal of these doctrines is dispelled: Insofar as there is <I>any truth</I> in the displayed <I>sentences</I>, that is owing to <I>conventions of language</I>, or to certain unproblematically <I>natural facts</I>, or to a combination of the two. Briefly, the <I>most positive</I> results of the encounter are these: We subjects ourselves are wholly objective entities, mainly or wholly physical, and <I>our experiences</I> are wholly objective processes, mainly or wholly physical. Moreover, in an important sense, we are <I>conventionally demarcated</I> entities, and our experiences are conventionally demarcated processes.</li></ol></FONT><U>Sections</U><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>What Do the Six Doctrines Claim?  171</li><li>How Might These Doctrines Be Contested Persuasively?  175</li><li>Against the Metaphysical Privacy of Experiences  177</li><li>Against the Metaphysical Separateness of Subjects  184</li><li>Against the Indivisibility of Experiences and of Subjects  187</li><li>Against the Absoluteness of Subjects: The Spectrum of Congenial Decomposition  191</li><li>Against the Absoluteness of Subjects: Spectra of Human Conception and Human Development  197</li><li>Against the Absoluteness of Experience: Congenial Decomposition Again  199</li><li>Against the Absoluteness of Experience: The Spectrum of Radio Communications  203</li><li>How One Person May Fade into Another  206</li></ol> </FONT><BR><HR><BR><U><B>In-Page Footnotes</U></B><a name="On-Page_Link_P3621_1"></A><BR><BR><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P3621_1"><B>Footnote 1</B></A></U>: Taken from <a name="2"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_11/Abstract_11983.htm">Unger (Peter) - Precis of 'Identity, Consciousness and Value'</A>". <BR><BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-02T06:10" pubdate>02/08/2018 06:10:30</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>