<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Unger (Peter) - What Matters In Our Survival: Distinctions, Compromises and Limits (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_03/PaperSummary_3622.htm">What Matters In Our Survival: Distinctions, Compromises and Limits</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/U/Author_Unger (Peter).htm">Unger (Peter)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: Unger - Identity, Consciousness and Value, Chapter 7</th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=800><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_03/PaperSummary_3622.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_03/PaperCitings_3622.htm">Books / Papers Citing this Paper</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_03/PapersToNotes_3622.htm">Notes Citing this Paper</A></td><td><A HREF="#ColourConventions">Text Colour-Conventions</a></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><U>Extract from <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P3622_1">Overview</A></U><SUB>1</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P3622_1"></A></U><FONT COLOR = "800080"> <ol type="1"><li>Drawing on material from the first six chapters, in the last three the focus is on some main questions of <em>our broad ego-centric values</em>: As argued in chapter 7, by itself my survival has <em>no</em> value. </li><li>Rather, it is <EM>a pre-condition</EM> of certain things that I (rationally) value, like <EM>my</EM> leading a long happy life. Equally, my survival is a pre-condition of certain things that I (rationally) <EM>disvalue</EM>, like <EM>my</EM> being severely tortured for the next ten years. </li><li>Similarly, <EM>my son's</EM> survival is a pre-condition of certain of my <EM>other</EM> broad ego-centric values, like <EM>his</EM> leading a long happy life. </li><li>Partly owing to confusions about all this, and partly owing to confusions over various uses of expressions like "<a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_108.htm">what matters</A><SUP>2</SUP> in survival," strange views have recently dominated the discussion about the relation between (strict) survival and our values. </li><li>Against these views, I argue for a <EM>realistic compromise view of <a name="2"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_108.htm">what matters</A><SUP>3</SUP></EM> <ul type="disc"> <li>(1) In the relevant <EM>prudential use</EM> of the term, "<a name="3"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_108.htm">what matters</A><SUP>4</SUP>," <a name="4"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_108.htm">what matters</A><SUP>5</SUP> in a given person's survival <EM>basically</EM> is only that the person himself will still exist. </li><li>(2) Also, certain continuities do matter, but they matter only <EM>derivatively</EM>. </li><li>(3) Now, as happens in the middle of certain <EM>physically well-based spectra</EM> of examples, these continuities <EM>may</EM> have great <EM>independent</EM> importance: Regarding <a name="5"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_108.htm">what matters</A><SUP>6</SUP>, <EM>some of</EM> these cases of non-survival are "pretty nearly as good as" cases of strict survival itself. </li><li>(4) But, this derivative independent importance will <EM>never</EM> be as great as that basic importance: Concerning <a name="6"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_108.htm">what matters</A><SUP>7</SUP> in survival, <EM>any</EM> case that <EM>lacks strict survival</EM> will be worse than <EM>every</EM> case in which the person himself <EM>does survive</EM>.</li></ul></li><li>Closing with an argument from a <EM>spectrum of assimilation</EM>, the case for this view is multi-faceted. </li></ol></FONT><U>Sections</U><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>Survival as a Precondition of Broad Ego-centric Value  212</li><li>The Spectrum of Congenial Decomposition with Reconstruction  217</li><li>Three Shots at Survival: Easily Getting Through, Barely Getting Through and Barely Missing  219</li><li>The Prudential Use of "<a name="7"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_108.htm">What Matters</A><SUP>8</SUP>," Tests for <a name="8"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_108.htm">What Matters</A><SUP>9</SUP> and Highly Prudential Occasions  223</li><li>How Presumptive Tests for Survival Beliefs May Be Improved  230</li><li>Basic, Derivative and Independent Value  234</li><li>Underlying Realities and Conventional Separations  238</li><li>Striking a Compromise Between Two Conflicting Concerns  240</li><li>Moderating Concern Throughout a Middle Ground  242</li><li>Restricted Ranges for the Relevance of Underlying Realities  244</li><li><a name="9"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_108.htm">What Matters</A><SUP>10</SUP> and the Minimal Conception of a Person  247</li><li>A Spectrum of Assimilation: Parallels, Differences and Questions  251</li></ol> </FONT><BR><HR><BR><U><B>In-Page Footnotes</U></B><a name="On-Page_Link_P3622_1"></A><BR><BR><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P3622_1"><B>Footnote 1</B></A></U>: Taken from <a name="10"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_11/Abstract_11983.htm">Unger (Peter) - Precis of 'Identity, Consciousness and Value'</A>". <BR><BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-02T06:10" pubdate>02/08/2018 06:10:31</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>