Personal Identity Over Time
Baker (Lynne Rudder)
Source: Baker (Lynne) - Persons and Bodies, Chapter 5
Paper - Abstract

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Oxford Scholarship Online Abstract

  1. Discusses the vexing problem of personal identity over time. In virtue of what is a person P1 at t1 the same person as a person P2 at t2? I canvass candidate answers to this question, and show that each fails:
    1. Sameness of person consists in sameness of body,
    2. Sameness of person consists in sameness of living organism (Animalism)1,
    3. Sameness of person consists in sameness of brain,
    4. Sameness of person consists in psychological continuity2,
    5. Sameness of person consists in sameness of immaterial soul.
  2. Then, I discuss my own view: sameness of person consists in sameness of first-person perspective3. Alas, my own view does not provide an informative criterion either. Although I can characterize noncircularly what it is to have a first-person perspective4 at a time, I know of no noncircular characterization of sameness of first-person perspective5 over time. Since nobody has an adequate and informative criterion of personal identity over time, I conclude that there is no adequate and informative criterion of personal identity over time: Sameness of person is not reducible to sameness of anything nonpersonal.
  3. Nevertheless, construing personal identity in terms of sameness of first-person perspective6 has its advantages.
    1. First, it avoids problems besetting the other views (e.g., species chauvinism, the duplication7 problem).
    2. Second, it accords well with our self-understanding: there is a fact of the matter whether some future individual is I, and that fact of the matter does not depend on the nonexistence of someone else.
    3. Finally, the idea of sameness of first-person perspective8 ties what it is to be a person over time with what it is to be a person in the first place.

Sections
  1. Other Views of Personal Identity over Time
  2. The Constitution View9 of Personal Identity over Time
  3. Is Bodily Transfer Possible?
  4. Conclusion


Write-up10 (as at 14/03/2015 11:36:58): Baker - Personal Identity Over Time

This note controls my detailed review of "Baker (Lynne Rudder) - Personal Identity Over Time", Chapter 5 of "Baker (Lynne Rudder) - Persons and Bodies: A Constitution View". I’ve pirated the Oxford Scholarship Online summary as a temporary expedient.

Oxford Scholarship Online Abstract
  1. Discusses the vexing problem of personal identity over time. In virtue of what is a person P1 at t1 the same person as a person P2 at t2? I canvass candidate answers to this question, and show that each fails:
    1. Sameness of person consists in sameness of body,
    2. Sameness of person consists in sameness of living organism (Animalism),
    3. Sameness of person consists in sameness of brain,
    4. Sameness of person consists in psychological continuity,
    5. Sameness of person consists in sameness of immaterial soul.
  2. Then, I discuss my own view: sameness of person consists in sameness of first-person perspective11. Alas, my own view does not provide an informative criterion either. Although I can characterize noncircularly what it is to have a first-person perspective12 at a time, I know of no noncircular characterization of sameness of first-person perspective13 over time. Since nobody has an adequate and informative criterion of personal identity over time, I conclude that there is no adequate and informative criterion of personal identity over time: Sameness of person is not reducible to sameness of anything nonpersonal.
  3. Nevertheless, construing personal identity in terms of sameness of first-person perspective14 has its advantages.
    1. First, it avoids problems besetting the other views (e.g., species chauvinism, the duplication15 problem).
    2. Second, it accords well with our self-understanding: there is a fact of the matter whether some future individual is I, and that fact of the matter does not depend on the nonexistence of someone else.
    3. Finally, the idea of sameness of first-person perspective16 ties what it is to be a person over time with what it is to be a person in the first place.

Sections
  1. Other Views of Personal Identity over Time
  2. The Constitution View of Personal Identity over Time
  3. Is Bodily Transfer Possible?
  4. Conclusion


… Further details to be supplied17


In-Page Footnotes

Footnote 10:

Text Colour Conventions (see disclaimer)

  1. Blue: Text by me; © Theo Todman, 2020
  2. Mauve: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); © the author(s)



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