<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Swinburne (Richard) - Body and Soul (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_04/PaperSummary_4025.htm">Body and Soul</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/S/Author_Swinburne (Richard).htm">Swinburne (Richard)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: The Evolution of the Soul, February 1997, Chapter 8, pp. 145-161(17).</th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=800><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_04/PaperSummary_4025.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_04/PaperCitings_4025.htm">Books / Papers Citing this Paper</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_04/PapersToNotes_4025.htm">Notes Citing this Paper</A></td><td><A HREF="#ColourConventions">Text Colour-Conventions</a></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><U>Philosophers Index Abstract</U><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>I defend soft dualism. This holds that humans on Earth consist of two separate substances -- body and soul -- in interaction; but the soul has no necessary immortality, and it depends for its present functioning on the body. It would not be logically possible for a person to continue to exist after the destruction of his body (as it <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P4025_1">clearly</A></U><SUB>1</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P4025_1"></A> is) unless he currently has a soul.</li><li>Personal identity cannot be analysed either in terms of a continuity of mental life, or in terms of continuity of bodily matter. Continuing personal identity in the short term is a datum of experience, not merely known by inference from other experiences. To express this fact within an integrated system of thought, we must think of human persons as substances that consist of two parts  soul (the essential part) and body (non-essential). Part 2 of this book (Chs. 8 10) develops this view more fully. </li><li>The argument of this chapter is put in precise logical form in New Appendix C. </li><li>New Appendix D claims that souls have <a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_102.htm">thisness</A><SUP>2</SUP>; that is, the <a name="2"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_81.htm">indiscernibility of identicals</A><SUP>3</SUP> does not apply to souls.</li></ol></FONT><BR><HR><BR><U><B>In-Page Footnotes</U></B><a name="On-Page_Link_P4025_1"></A><BR><BR><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P4025_1"><B>Footnote 1</B></A></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>This is presumably only  clearly visible to the eye of faith, though what is claimed is the logical possibility of <a name="3"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_9/Notes_978.htm">post-mortem survival</a>, not its actuality. </li><li>However, there seems something dubious about making a metaphysical claim  the present existence of souls  being based on a logical one.</li></ul> <FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-02T06:15" pubdate>02/08/2018 06:15:47</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>