<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Sider (Ted) - Critical Study of Michael Jubien's Ontology, Modality, and the Fallacy of Reference (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_04/PaperSummary_4438.htm">Critical Study of Michael Jubien's Ontology, Modality, and the Fallacy of Reference</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/S/Author_Sider (Ted).htm">Sider (Ted)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: Nous, 33.2 (June 1999), pp. 284-294</th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=600><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_04/PaperSummary_4438.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_04/PaperCitings_4438.htm">Books / Papers Citing this Paper</A></td><td><A HREF="#ColourConventions">Text Colour-Conventions</a></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><u>Author s Introduction</u> (start)<FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>Michael Jubien s <a name="3"></a>"<A HREF = "../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_01/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_1363.htm">Jubien (Michael) - Ontology, Modality, and the Fallacy of Reference</A>" is an interesting and lively discussion of those three topics. </li><li>In <em>ontology</em>, Jubien defends, to a first approximation, a Quinean conception: a world of objects that may be arbitrarily sliced or summed. Slicing yields temporal parts; summing yields aggregates, or fusions. Jubien is very unQuinean in his explicit Platonism regarding properties and propositions, but concerns about abstracta are peripheral to much of the argumentation in the book. His version of the doctrine that arbitrary mereological sums exist is nonstandard in that he views it as a convention (albeit a useful one) that we treat sums of objects as themselves being objects. Indeed, he views the concept of objecthood itself as being conventional. The world consists fundamentally of <em>stuff</em>, which we divide into <em>things</em> in any way that suits our purposes. </li><li>In <em><a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_121.htm">modality</A><SUP>1</SUP></em>, Jubien s views are to a first approximation Chisholmian: he holds the doctrine of mereological essentialism, according to which anything that has a part must have that part essentially. He also appears to hold the related but independent doctrine that if some stuff makes up some object, then, necessarily, if all of that stuff exists, then that object must exist as well (and be made up of that stuff). </li><li>The doctrine of mereological essentialism appears to conflict with ordinary <a name="2"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_121.htm">modal</A><SUP>2</SUP> intuitions. Jubien s diagnosis and rejection of the <em>fallacy of reference</em> is, in part, intended to show that the conflict is only apparent. & </li></ol> </FONT><hr><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><B>Comment: </B><BR><BR>See <a name="W307W"></a><A HREF = "http://www.tedsider.org/papers/jubien.pdf" TARGET = "_top">Link</A>.<BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-03T00:13" pubdate>03/08/2018 00:13:37</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>