Altruism and the Separateness of Persons
Black (Sam)
Source: Social Theory & Practice, Jul2001, Vol. 27 Issue 3, p361, 25p;
Paper - Abstract

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Philosophers Index Abstract

  1. A growing number of contemporary philosophers claim that reflection on the nature of personal identity supports the notion that there are reasons for altruism. Their common theme is that the boundaries that separate persons are less substantial than is commonly supposed.
  2. I argue that the conventional boundaries attributed to the self are not simply a hangover from some defunct religious or metaphysical theory. Those boundaries flow from material factors: chiefly, the observation that our minds normally only have access to the experiences hosted in our brains. The boundaries of the body are salient for practical reason because they normally correspond to the psychological relations that matter for personal identity.

Second Abstract
  1. Presents a study which discussed arguments on altruism.
  2. Connection between the theory of personal identity and altruism;
  3. Connection between revisions to the theory of personal identity and practical reason;
  4. Conclusion.

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