<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Lowe (E.J.) - On the Alleged Necessity of True Identity Statements (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_05/PaperSummary_5105.htm">On the Alleged Necessity of True Identity Statements</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/L/Author_Lowe (E.J.).htm">Lowe (E.J.)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: Mind, 1982, 579-584</th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=400><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_05/PaperSummary_5105.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_05/PapersToNotes_5105.htm">Notes Citing this Paper</A></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><U>Philosophers Index Abstract</U><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1">In this paper I investigate a possible loop-hole in the standard derivation (the so-called barcan-kripke proof) of the thesis that any true identity statement is necessarily true. Building on a suggestion made by tom baldwin, I argue that, granted the assumption that the first-order principle of the substitutivity of identity is not a "stronger" principle than the second-order principle of the <a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_81.htm">indiscernibility of identicals</A><SUP>1</SUP>, it may be objected that the standard derivation involves a fallacy of equivocation on the grounds that a wff of the form ' $$necessary$$ ("a"="a")' admits of two non-equivalent interpretations.</ol></FONT><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-02T06:28" pubdate>02/08/2018 06:28:41</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>