<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Garrett (Brian) - Persons (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_05/PaperSummary_5198.htm">Persons</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/G/Author_Garrett (Brian).htm">Garrett (Brian)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: Routledge Encyclopaedia of Philosophy. London: Routledge. Garrett, Brian (1998). Persons.</th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=600><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_05/PaperSummary_5198.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_05/PapersToNotes_5198.htm">Notes Citing this Paper</A></td><td><A HREF="#ColourConventions">Text Colour-Conventions</a></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><U>Author s Abstract</U><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>We are all persons. But what are persons? This question is central to philosophy and virtually every major philosopher has offered an answer to it. </li><li>For two thousand years many philosophers in the Western tradition believed that we were immaterial souls or Egos, only contingently attached to our bodies. The most well-known advocates of this view were Plato and Descartes. </li><li>Few philosophers accept this view now, largely because it is thought to face a number of intractable metaphysical and epistemological problems (for example: how can an immaterial soul or mind interact with the material world? How can I know that you have a soul?). </li><li>The recoil from Cartesianism has been in three different directions. <ul type="disc"><li>One direction (the <a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_24.htm">animalist)</A><SUP>1</SUP> emphasizes the fact that persons are human beings, evolved animals of a certain sort. </li><li>A second direction (the reductionist) is represented by David Hume: the self or person is not a Cartesian entity, it is a  bundle of perceptions . </li><li>Finally, there is a theory of persons influenced by the views of John Locke, according to which persons are neither essentially animals nor reducible to their bodies or experiences.</li></ul> </li></ol></FONT><hr><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><B>Comment: </B><ul type="disc"><li>See <a name="W347W"></a><A HREF = "http://www.rep.routledge.com/article/N041" TARGET = "_top">Link</A> (Defunct) (requires login), </li><li>My copy retrieved December 22, 2005; </li><li>There was this <a name="W348W"></a><A HREF = "http://ase.tufts.edu/cogstud/papers/selfctr.htm" TARGET = "_top">Link</A> to Tufts, but it s defunct.</li></ul><BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-02T06:30" pubdate>02/08/2018 06:30:02</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>