<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Robinson (Guy) - How to Tell Your Friends From Machines (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_05/PaperSummary_5255.htm">How to Tell Your Friends From Machines</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/R/Author_Robinson (Guy).htm">Robinson (Guy)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: Mind, 1972, 504-518</th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=600><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_05/PaperSummary_5255.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_05/PapersToNotes_5255.htm">Notes Citing this Paper</A></td><td><A HREF="#ColourConventions">Text Colour-Conventions</a></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><u>Author s Introduction</u><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>When a problem has been around as long as has the problem of minds and machines (or, for that matter, its twin  the problem of  other minds ) without either being very productive or being laid to rest, it is perhaps time to look beyond simple conceptual muddles and unclarities to deeper sources in philosophic practices and assumptions that enter undiscussed. </li><li>To get the proper measure of the problem it may even be necessary to go beyond the stricter bounds of philosophy itself to look at the sources and role of certain philosophic views and problems in a wider social context, to provide what might be called a  social pathology of the problem. </li><li>But though this may provide some understanding of the longevity of certain muddles, it raises, in its turn questions about the nature of philosophic problems that I do not see my way clear to tackling. </li><li>I will confine myself to trying to bring out the basic muddle in the notion of  machine intelligence , that is, the contradictions lying between the conditions of application of its two parts, and the slightly different muddle lying similarly at the centre of the now more popular notion of  artificial intelligence . I shall also make some suggestions about the social roots.<BR> </li></ol></FONT><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-02T06:30" pubdate>02/08/2018 06:30:54</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>