<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Carter (William) - Do Zygotes Become People? (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_05/PaperSummary_5488.htm">Do Zygotes Become People?</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/C/Author_Carter (William).htm">Carter (William)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: Mind, 91.361 (Jan. 1982), pp. 77-95</th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=600><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_05/PaperSummary_5488.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_05/PaperCitings_5488.htm">Books / Papers Citing this Paper</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_05/PapersToNotes_5488.htm">Notes Citing this Paper</A></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><U>Philosophers Index Abstract</U><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ul type="disc"><li>One anti-abortion line of argument proceeds along these lines: <ol type="1"><li>We should do unto others as we are glad they have done unto us; </li><li>I am glad that no one killed me when I was a <a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_71.htm">fetus</A><SUP>1</SUP>; so </li><li>I would not kill those who presently are <a name="2"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_71.htm">fetuses</A><SUP>2</SUP>. </li></ol></li><li>The argument involves the metaphysical assumption that I once existed as a <a name="3"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_71.htm">fetus</A><SUP>3</SUP>. It is upon this assumption that attention is focused in this paper. The assumption raises a number of tough metaphysical questions concerning how one is to decide when an event is a "substantial change" and when a (mere) "qualitative change." </li><li>I consider, and reject, views defended by <a name="4"></a><A HREF = "../../Authors/M/Author_Matthews (Gareth B.).htm">Gareth B. Matthews</A>, <a name="5"></a><A HREF = "../../Authors/W/Author_Wiggins (David).htm">David Wiggins</A>, and <a name="6"></a><A HREF = "../../Authors/C/Author_Chisholm (Roderick).htm">Roderick Chisholm</A>, among others.</li></ul> </FONT><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-02T06:33" pubdate>02/08/2018 06:33:39</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>