<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Sorensen (Roy) - The Wonder of Armchair Inquiry (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_05/PaperSummary_5524.htm">The Wonder of Armchair Inquiry</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/S/Author_Sorensen (Roy).htm">Sorensen (Roy)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: Thought Experiments, Roy A. Sorensen, 1992, Chapter 4</th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=600><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_05/PaperSummary_5524.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_05/PaperCitings_5524.htm">Books / Papers Citing this Paper</A></td><td><A HREF="#ColourConventions">Text Colour-Conventions</a></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><u>Author s <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P5524_1">Abstract</A></U><SUB>1</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P5524_1"></A></u><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>Part of this chapter is deflationary; I trace a portion of our wonder about a priori enlightenment to <a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_121.htm">modal</A><SUP>2</SUP> fallacies. </li><li>The positive part addresses curiosity about the mechanisms underlying armchair inquiry. Philosophers and psychologists have been influenced by several vague models of non-observational enlightenment. Mach said that <a name="2"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_32.htm">thought experiments</A><SUP>3</SUP> draw from a storehouse of unarticulated experience. This answer to the question of how it can be fruitful to sit and think is an empiricist version of Plato's doctrine of recollection, which pictures knowers as rememberers. </li><li>In the 1960s, ordinary language philosophers defended their appeals to "what we would say" with a linguistic descendent of Plato's doctrine: knowledge of how to speak is transformed into knowledge that the rules for the term are such-and-such. </li><li>The homuncular model, made respectable by the rise of cognitive psychology in the 1970s, pictures people as composed of subsystems ("little people") that act within the larger system much as personnel behave within a firm. The armchair investigator shifts information from one subsystem to another, so that facts familiar to one part are news to another part. </li><li>This intrapersonal communication, pooling, and delegation of questions produces a better-informed person even though no fresh data has been gathered. </li><li>A fourth model focuses on how information can be made more informative by rearranging it in ways that facilitate its storage, retrieval, and deployment in inference. </li></ol> </FONT><BR><u>Sections</u><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>The Pseudoanomaly  76<BR>& A. <a name="3"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_121.htm">Modal</A><SUP>4</SUP> Gap Illusions  77<BR>& B. How <a name="4"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_32.htm">Thought Experiments</A><SUP>5</SUP> Yield <a name="5"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_121.htm">Modal</A><SUP>6</SUP> Conclusions  79</li><li>Positive Theories of Armchair Inquiry  88<BR>& A. The Recollection Model  88<BR>& B. The Transformation Model  92<BR>& C. The Homuncular Model  95<BR>& D. The Rearrangement Model  99</li><li>The Cleansing Model  104<BR>& A. How <a name="6"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_32.htm">Thought Experiment</A><SUP>7</SUP> Corrects Imbalances  104<BR>& B. Theoretical and Practical Irrationality  106</li><li>An Eclectic View of the Mechanics of <a name="7"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_32.htm">Thought Experiment</A><SUP>8</SUP>  109 </li></ol> </FONT><hr><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><B>Comment: </B><BR><BR>Photocopy of complete Book filed in <a name="9"></a>"<A HREF = "../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_05/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_5975.htm">Various - Papers on Identity Boxes: Vol 17 (S2: Sm+)</A>".<BR><BR><HR><BR><U><B>In-Page Footnotes</U></B><a name="On-Page_Link_P5524_1"></A><BR><BR><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P5524_1"><B>Footnote 1</B></A></U>: Taken from <a name="8"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_05/Abstract_5520.htm">Sorensen (Roy) - Thought Experiments: Introduction</A>". <BR><BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-03T00:14" pubdate>03/08/2018 00:14:09</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>