<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Hall (Timothy) - Abortion, the Right to Life, and Dependence (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_05/PaperSummary_5678.htm">Abortion, the Right to Life, and Dependence</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/H/Author_Hall (Timothy).htm">Hall (Timothy)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: Social Theory & Practice, Jul2005, Vol. 31 Issue 3, p405-429, 25p</th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=400><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_05/PaperSummary_5678.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF="#ColourConventions">Text Colour-Conventions</a></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><U>Author s Abstract</U><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>This article comments on the so-called argument from dependence expounded by Judith Jarvis Thomson in support of abortion. </li><li>In Thomson's original article and in subsequent commentary, one can find two main lines of argument for this conclusion. <ol type="i"><li>The first is the argument from self-defense. This argument appeals to the fact that a <a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_71.htm">fetus</A><SUP>1</SUP> is a threat to cause harm, and sometimes death, to the woman carrying it. Though variants of the argument differ in detail, all versions conclude that despite the <a name="2"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_71.htm">fetus</A><SUP>2</SUP>'s lack of fault for its threatening position, a woman is permitted to kill the <a name="3"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_71.htm">fetus</A><SUP>3</SUP> in self-defense. </li><li>The second line of argument is what is called argument from dependence. This argument appeals to the fact that the <a name="4"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_71.htm">fetus</A><SUP>4</SUP> is dependent on the woman for life-preserving aid. </ol></li><li>Though variants differ in detail, the argument claims that the <a name="5"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_71.htm">fetus</A><SUP>5</SUP> has no right to this aid, and, if the cost of providing aid is sufficiently high, the woman is permitted to withdraw the aid. This permission justifies an abortion, the argument concludes. </li><li>Argument from dependence fails to justify abortions of fetal persons. The argument from dependence can be seen as an elaboration of Thomson's observation that a right to life does not give a person a right to the aid necessary for life. </li><li>The key idea behind the argument is that killing a person who is dependent on aid for continued life and who has no right to that aid is morally comparable to refusing aid to that person. So, according to this argument, being a beneficiary of aid to which one has no right makes one morally more vulnerable to being killed than a person with a right to life typically is. </li></ol></FONT><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-02T06:36" pubdate>02/08/2018 06:36:13</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>