<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Tollefsen (Christopher) - Embryos, Individuals, and Persons: An Argument Against Embryo Creation and Research (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_05/PaperSummary_5762.htm">Embryos, Individuals, and Persons: An Argument Against Embryo Creation and Research</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/T/Author_Tollefsen (Christopher).htm">Tollefsen (Christopher)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: Journal of Applied Philosophy; Apr2001, Vol. 18 Issue 1, p65, 14p</th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=600><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_05/PaperSummary_5762.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_05/PapersToNotes_5762.htm">Notes Citing this Paper</A></td><td><A HREF="#ColourConventions">Text Colour-Conventions</a></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><U>Author's Abstract</U><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>One strategy for arguing that it should be legally permissible to create human <a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_12/Notes_1243.htm">embryos</A><SUP>1</SUP>, or to use spare human <a name="2"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_12/Notes_1243.htm">embryos</A><SUP>2</SUP>, for scientific research purposes involves the claim that such <a name="3"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_12/Notes_1243.htm">embryos</A><SUP>3</SUP> cannot be <a name="4"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_9.htm">persons</A><SUP>4</SUP> because they are not human individuals while <a name="5"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1173.htm">twinning</A><SUP>5</SUP> may yet take place. Being a human individual is considered to be by most people a necessary condition for being a human person. </li><li>I argue first that such an argument against the personhood of <a name="6"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_12/Notes_1243.htm">embryos</A><SUP>6</SUP> must be rationally conclusive if their destruction in public places, such as laboratories, is to be countenanced. I base this argument on a popular understanding of the role that the notion of privacy plays in abortion law. </li><li>I then argue that such arguments against personhood are not rationally conclusive. The claim that the early <a name="7"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_12/Notes_1243.htm">embryos</A><SUP>7</SUP> is not a human individual is not nearly as obvious as some assert.</li></ol></FONT><BR><U>Philosophers Index Abstract</U><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>Argues against <a name="8"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_12/Notes_1243.htm">embryo</A><SUP>8</SUP> creation and research. </li><li>Essence of reproductive ethics; </li><li>Description of a United States court case on abortion rights; </li><li>Discussion on the public status of research involving human <a name="9"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_12/Notes_1243.htm">embryos</A><SUP>9</SUP>; </li><li>Analysis of the findings and recommendations in the 'Report of the Human <a name="10"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_12/Notes_1243.htm">Embryo</A><SUP>10</SUP> Research Panel,' sponsored by the National Institutes of Health; </li><li>Problems concerning the relation between persons and individuals.</li></ol></FONT><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-02T06:37" pubdate>02/08/2018 06:37:07</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>