<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Yagisawa (Takashi) - A new argument against the existence requirement (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_05/PaperSummary_5799.htm">A new argument against the existence requirement</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/Y/Author_Yagisawa (Takashi).htm">Yagisawa (Takashi)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: Analysis 65.1, Jan 2005, p39-42, 4p</th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=400><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_05/PaperSummary_5799.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF="#ColourConventions">Text Colour-Conventions</a></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><U>Philosophers Index Abstract</U><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1">I argue against the thesis (E) that for every x, for every possible world w, Fx at w only if x exists at w, as follows: Premise 1. Iterated <a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_121.htm">modal</A><SUP>1</SUP> indexing is redundant; Premise 2. If iterated <a name="2"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_121.htm">modal</A><SUP>2</SUP> indexing is redundant, (E) is false; Conclusion. (E) is false. Premise 1 means that for every x, for every possible world w1, for every possible world w2, Fx at w1 at w2 if and only if Fx at w1. In support of this I cite the meter rod and alpha-transform examples. The crux of the paper consists in arguing for Premise 2. The article presents a new argument against the existence requirement. The article adds that it may appear that in order to be any way at all, a thing must exist. The article adds that E stands for every x, for every possible world w, Fx at w only if x exists at w. the letter. In (E) "F" is used as a schematic letter to be replaced with a one-place predicate. There are two arguments against (E). The first is by analogy. Philosopher Socrates is widely admired now but he does not exist now. So, it is not the case that for every x, for every time t, Fx at t only if x exists at t.</ol></FONT><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-03T00:16" pubdate>03/08/2018 00:16:04</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>