<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Ford (Norman) - Implantation and the Beginning of a Human Individual (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_05/PaperSummary_5823.htm">Implantation and the Beginning of a Human Individual</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/F/Author_Ford (Norman).htm">Ford (Norman)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: Norman Ford - When Did I Begin, 1988, Chapter 5</th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=400><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_05/PaperSummary_5823.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_05/PapersToNotes_5823.htm">Notes Citing this Paper</A></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><U>Contents</U><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>The human individual not present during the early cleavage stage  132 <ol type="i"><li>Possibility of identical <a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1173.htm">twinning</A><SUP>1</SUP> during the early cleavage stage  132 </li><li>Lack of unity in the early human <a name="2"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_12/Notes_1243.htm">embryo</A><SUP>2</SUP>  137 </li><li>Animal experiments suggest absence of unity and actual determination for the ontological human individual in the early <a name="3"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_12/Notes_1243.htm">embryo</A><SUP>3</SUP>  139 </ol></li><li>The human individual not present during the morula stage  146 </li><li>Parthenogenesis and the human individual  149</li><li>The human individual not present before completion of implantation  151 <ol type="i"><li>Biological facts of the blastocyst stage  151 </li><li>A distinct individual not formed prior to early differentiation of the blastocyst  156</li><li>Animal experiments show insufficient actual determination of the late blastocyst to be a distinct individual  158</ol> </li></ol></FONT><hr><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><B>Comment: </B><ul type="disc"><li>Photocopy of complete book; </li><li>Filed in <a name="4"></a>"<A HREF = "../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_05/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_5967.htm">Various - Papers on Identity Boxes: Vol 06 (F-G)</A>". </li></ul><BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-02T06:37" pubdate>02/08/2018 06:37:54</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>