Implantation and the Beginning of a Human Individual
Ford (Norman)
Source: Norman Ford - When Did I Begin, 1988, Chapter 5
Paper - Abstract

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Contents

  1. The human individual not present during the early cleavage stage – 132
    1. Possibility of identical twinning1 during the early cleavage stage – 132
    2. Lack of unity in the early human embryo2 – 137
    3. Animal experiments suggest absence of unity and actual determination for the ontological human individual in the early embryo3 – 139
  2. The human individual not present during the morula stage – 146
  3. Parthenogenesis and the human individual – 149
  4. The human individual not present before completion of implantation – 151
    1. Biological facts of the blastocyst stage – 151
    2. A distinct individual not formed prior to early differentiation of the blastocyst – 156
    3. Animal experiments show insufficient actual determination of the late blastocyst to be a distinct individual – 158

Comment:

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