<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Hall (D. Geoffrey) - Continuity and the Persistence of Objects: When the Whole Is Greater Than the Sum of the Parts (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_05/PaperSummary_5880.htm">Continuity and the Persistence of Objects: When the Whole Is Greater Than the Sum of the Parts</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/H/Author_Hall (D. Geoffrey).htm">Hall (D. Geoffrey)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: Cognitive Psychology, Volume 37, Number 1, October 1998, pp. 28-59(32)</th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=400><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_05/PaperSummary_5880.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF="#ColourConventions">Text Colour-Conventions</a></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><U>Author s Abstract</U><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>In three experiments, a total of 480 participants heard a version of the story of the <a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_44.htm">ship of Theseus</A><SUP>1</SUP> (Hobbes, 1672/1913), in which a novel object, labeled with a possessive noun phrase, underwent a transformation in which its parts were replaced one at a time. </li><li>Participants then had to decide which of two objects carried the same possessive noun phrase as the original: <ol type="i"><li>the one made entirely of new parts (that could be inferred to be continuous with the original) or </li><li>one reassembled from the original parts (that could not be inferred to be continuous with the original). </ol></li><li>Participants often selected the object made of new parts, despite the radical transformation. However, the tendency to do so was significantly stronger <ol type="i"><li>if the object was described as an animal than if it was described as an artifact, </li><li>if the animal's transformation lacked a human cause than if it possessed one, and </li><li>if the selection was made by adults or 7-year-olds than if it was made by 5-year-olds. </ol></li><li>The findings suggest that knowledge about specific kinds of objects and their canonical transformations exerts an increasingly powerful effect, over the course of development, upon people's tendency to rely on continuity as a criterion for attributing persistence to objects that undergo change. </li></ol></FONT><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-02T06:38" pubdate>02/08/2018 06:38:47</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>