<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>English (Jane) - Abortion and the Concept of a Person (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_05/PaperSummary_5980.htm">Abortion and the Concept of a Person</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/E/Author_English (Jane).htm">English (Jane)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: Canadian Journal of Philosophy, V, Oct. 1975, pp. 233-243</th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=400><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_05/PaperSummary_5980.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_05/PapersToNotes_5980.htm">Notes Citing this Paper</A></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><U>Philosophers Index Abstract</U><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ul type="disc"><li>Most positions on abortion rely heavily on the concept of a <a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_9.htm">person</A><SUP>1</SUP>. </li><li>First I show that this concept is not precise enough to support a solution. </li><li>Next I propose a constructive dilemma. <ol type="1"><li>If a <a name="2"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_71.htm">fetus</A><SUP>2</SUP> is a person, it does not follow that abortion is wrong; self-defense justifies many killings. </li><li>If a <a name="3"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_71.htm">fetus</A><SUP>3</SUP> is not a person, it does not follow that all abortions are permissible; some non-persons acquire rights by virtue of their similarity to persons. </li></ol></li><li>Both cases suggest a common solution: a sliding scale on which abortions early in pregnancy are permissible to avoid modest harms to health or life prospects, and abortions late in pregnancy are wrong except to avoid severe injury or death.</li></ul></FONT><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-02T06:40" pubdate>02/08/2018 06:40:09</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>