<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Olson (Eric) - A Compound of Two Substances (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_06/PaperSummary_6200.htm">A Compound of Two Substances</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/O/Author_Olson (Eric).htm">Olson (Eric)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: Corcoran - Soul, Body and Survival, Chapter 5</th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=800><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_06/PaperSummary_6200.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_06/PaperCitings_6200.htm">Books / Papers Citing this Paper</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_06/PapersToNotes_6200.htm">Notes Citing this Paper</A></td><td><A HREF="#ColourConventions">Text Colour-Conventions</a></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><u><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P6200_1">Summary</A></U><SUB>1</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P6200_1"></A></u><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1">Some readers of Descartes are inclined to believe that he takes human beings to be neither immaterial souls nor material bodies, but rather objects having two parts: a soul-part and a <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P6200_2">body-part</A></U><SUB>2</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P6200_2"></A>. On such an interpretation, a human being <em>thinks</em> because her <em>soul</em> thinks, and a human being <em>weighs</em> thus and such because her <em>body</em> weighs thus and such. Eric Olson calls this view "compound dualism," and he argues in "A Compound of Two Substances" that compound dualism faces serious ontological problems that have nothing to do with the usual (causal) criticisms of dualism and that do not apply to construals of dualism according to which human persons <em>are</em> immaterial souls. After carefully surveying several of the ontological problems that accompany compound dualism, Olson argues that if you are going to be a dualist about persons you should adopt a "pure dualism," the view that persons like you and I are identical with immaterial <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P6200_3">souls</A></U><SUB>3</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P6200_3"></A>. </ol> </FONT><BR><U>Philosophers Index Abstract</U><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1">Substance dualism is typically stated as the view that each of us is made up of both an immaterial substance and a material body  'compound dualism'. But some state it as the view that we are ourselves immaterial substances  'pure dualism'. The difference is important. This paper argues that compound dualism faces grave problems that have nothing to do with the difficulties facing substance dualism generally, and which do not arise for pure dualism. </ol></FONT><hr><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><B>Comment: </B><ul type="disc"><li>I originally obtained this paper from Olson s Sheffield website (<a name="W417W"></a><A HREF = "http://www.shef.ac.uk/content/1/c6/03/49/16/Compound.pdf" TARGET = "_top">Link</A> (Defunct), presently defunct). </li><li>This featured the banner  A slightly different version of this paper appeared in K. Corcoran, ed., Soul, Body, and Survival (Cornell University Press 2001): 73-88. </li></ul><BR><BR><HR><BR><U><B>In-Page Footnotes</U></B><a name="On-Page_Link_P6200_1"></A><BR><BR><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P6200_1"><B>Footnote 1</B></A></U>: Taken from <a name="2"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_06/Abstract_6195.htm">Corcoran (Kevin) - Soul, Body and Survival: Introduction - Soul or Body?</A>", p. 5. <a name="On-Page_Link_P6200_2"></A><BR><BR><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P6200_2"><B>Footnote 2</B></A></U>: <FONT COLOR = "800080">See <a name="3"></a>"<A HREF = "../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_01/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_1143.htm">Swinburne (Richard) - The Evolution of the Soul</A>" (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997), esp. 145-61. </FONT><a name="On-Page_Link_P6200_3"></A><BR><BR><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P6200_3"><B>Footnote 3</B></A></U>: Since Olson is an <a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_24.htm">animalist</a>, this is presumably intended as a reductio ad absurdum. <BR><BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-02T06:43" pubdate>02/08/2018 06:43:22</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>