<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Hasker (William) - Persons as Emergent Substances (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_06/PaperSummary_6202.htm">Persons as Emergent Substances</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/H/Author_Hasker (William).htm">Hasker (William)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: Corcoran - Soul, Body and Survival, Chapter 7</th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=800><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_06/PaperSummary_6202.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_06/PaperCitings_6202.htm">Books / Papers Citing this Paper</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_06/PapersToNotes_6202.htm">Notes Citing this Paper</A></td><td><A HREF="#ColourConventions">Text Colour-Conventions</a></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><u><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P6202_1">Summary</A></U><SUB>1</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P6202_1"></A></u><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1">In "Persons as Emergent Substances" William Hasker argues for what might be called "ambitious emergent dualism." For according to Hasker not only is it the case that novel <em>properties</em> or capacities emerge at certain complex levels of physical organization (a la O'<U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P6202_2">Connor</A></U><SUB>2</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P6202_2"></A>), but sometimes whole new <em>substances</em> emerge. Hasker contends that human souls or minds are just such emergent substances and that they stand to human brains as [say] an electromagnetic field stands to its generating source. A magnetic field, for example, is an emergent <em>individual</em>; it normally occupies an area larger than that of its generating magnet and enters into causal commerce with it. So too with human persons. Human persons emerge when biological systems reach the complex level of organization we normally associate with mature human brains in mature human bodies. One of the things that makes Hasker's emergent dualism especially ambitious is the suggestion that it is at least logically <em>possible</em> for human souls to outlive their source of generation and thus at least logically <em>possible</em> for a human person to survive into an <a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_9/Notes_978.htm">afterlife</A><SUP>3</SUP>. </ol></FONT><hr><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><B>Comment: </B><BR><BR>Section II: Alternatives to Cartesian Dualism<BR><BR><HR><BR><U><B>In-Page Footnotes</U></B><a name="On-Page_Link_P6202_1"></A><BR><BR><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P6202_1"><B>Footnote 1</B></A></U>: Taken from <a name="2"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_06/Abstract_6195.htm">Corcoran (Kevin) - Soul, Body and Survival: Introduction - Soul or Body?</A>", p. 6. <a name="On-Page_Link_P6202_2"></A><BR><BR><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P6202_2"><B>Footnote 2</B></A></U>: In <a name="3"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_06/Abstract_6198.htm">O'Connor (Timothy) - Causality, Mind, and Free Will</A>". <BR><BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-02T06:43" pubdate>02/08/2018 06:43:25</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>