Are You Living in a Computer Simulation?
Bostrom (Nick)
Source: Philosophical Quarterly, 2003, Vol. 53, No. 211, pp. 243-255
Paper - Abstract

Paper StatisticsBooks / Papers Citing this PaperNotes Citing this PaperDisclaimer

Author’s Abstract

  1. This paper argues that at least one of the following propositions is true:
    1. The human species is very likely to go extinct before reaching a “posthuman” stage;
    2. Any posthuman civilization is extremely unlikely to run a significant number of simulations of their evolutionary1 history (or variations thereof);
    3. We are almost certainly living in a computer simulation.
  2. It follows that the belief that there is a significant chance that we will one day become posthumans who run ancestor-simulations is false, unless we are currently living in a simulation. A number of other consequences of this result are also discussed.


See Link. "Weatherson (Brian) - Are You a Sim?" provides a reply. The website Link has an (ever-increasing) list of articles associated with the Simulation Argument.

Text Colour Conventions (see disclaimer)

  1. Blue: Text by me; © Theo Todman, 2020
  2. Mauve: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); © the author(s)

© Theo Todman, June 2007 - Nov 2020. Please address any comments on this page to File output:
Website Maintenance Dashboard
Return to Top of this Page Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page Return to Theo Todman's Home Page