<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Heil (John) - Imperfect Similarity (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_06/PaperSummary_6390.htm">Imperfect Similarity</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/H/Author_Heil (John).htm">Heil (John)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: Heil - From an Ontological Point of View, Chapter 14</th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=400><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_06/PaperSummary_6390.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_06/PaperCitings_6390.htm">Books / Papers Citing this Paper</A></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><U>Author s Abstract</U><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li><a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1008.htm">Universals</A><SUP>1</SUP> provide an explanation of similarity: similar objects share properties. Imperfect similarity among complex properties is explained by 'partial identity' of their constituents. </li><li>What if simple properties could be imperfectly similar? This manifest possibility suggests that even proponents of <a name="2"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1008.htm">universals</A><SUP>2</SUP> require brute (imperfect) similarities, and a principal advantage of <a name="3"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1008.htm">universals</A><SUP>3</SUP> over modes evaporates. </li></ol></FONT><BR><U>Contents</U><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>Similarity and Identity</li><li>Objective Similarity</li><li>Predicates and Similarity</li><li>Grades of Similarity</li><li>Imperfect Similarity as 'Partial Identity'</li><li>Similarity among Simple Properties</li><li>Dissimilarity</li><li>Functional Similarity</li><li>Where this Leaves Us</li><li>Secondary Qualities</li><li>'Projections' </li></ol></FONT><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-02T06:45" pubdate>02/08/2018 06:45:47</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>