<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Barilan (Y. Michael) - One or Two: An Examination of the Recent Case of the Conjoined Twins from Malta (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_06/PaperSummary_6652.htm">One or Two: An Examination of the Recent Case of the Conjoined Twins from Malta</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/B/Author_Barilan (Y. Michael).htm">Barilan (Y. Michael)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: Journal of Medicine and Philosophy, Feb. 2003, 28.1, pp. 27-44</th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=600><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_06/PaperSummary_6652.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_06/PapersToNotes_6652.htm">Notes Citing this Paper</A></td><td><A HREF="#ColourConventions">Text Colour-Conventions</a></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1">The article questions the assumption that <a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_68.htm">conjoined</A><SUP>1</SUP> <a name="2"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1173.htm">twins</A><SUP>2</SUP> are necessarily two people or persons by employing arguments based on different points of view: non-personal vitalism, the person as a sentient being, the person as an agent, the person as a locus of narrative and valuation, and the person as an embodied mind. Analogies employed from the cases of amputation, multiple personality disorder, abortion, split-brain patients and cloning. The article further questions the assumption that a <a name="3"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_68.htm">conjoined twin</A><SUP>3</SUP>'s natural interest and wish is separation. I first contend that separation is such a radical procedure as to render the post-separation person different from the per-separation one. Therefore, it is not possible to benefit the pre-separation twin by the act of separation. The article concludes with a critical evaluation of the tendency in bioethics to regard ethical challenges as rivalry between individuals competing for scarce resources.</ol></FONT><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-02T06:48" pubdate>02/08/2018 06:48:55</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>