Sixteen Days
Smith (Barry) & Brogaard (Berit)
Source: Journal of Medicine and Philosophy, Feb. 2003, 28.1, pp. 45-78
Paper - Abstract

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Author’s Abstract

  1. When does a human being begin to exist? We argue that it is possible, through a combination of biological fact and philosophical analysis, to provide a definitive answer to this question.
  2. We lay down a set of conditions for being a human being, and we determine when, in the course of normal fetal development, these conditions are first satisfied.
  3. Issues dealt with along the way include:
    → modes of substance-formation,
    → twinning,
    → the nature of the intra-uterine environment, and
    → the nature of the relation between fetus and mother (connection, parthood, dependence).

Comment:

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