When Does a Person Begin?
Baker (Lynne Rudder)
Source: Paul, Miller & Paul - Personal Identity, 2005
Paper - Abstract

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Philosophers Index Abstract

  1. I argue that persons and animals are different kinds of beings.
  2. Human persons do not begin when human organisms begin, and neither person nor organism begins at fertilization. Human organisms/animals begin only when there is no further possibility of twinning1 (close to two weeks after fertilization); human persons begin when human organisms develop rudimentary first-person perspectives (near birth).
  3. This view is part of a very comprehensive account of material beings in terms of primary kinds (the constitution view)2.
  4. I conclude with a section on thinking about abortion3.

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