The Anatomy of Consciousness
O'Shaughnessy (Brian)
Source: O'Shaughnessy - Consciousness and the World, 2000, Chapter 2
Paper - Abstract

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Author's Abstract

    The topic is the state of wakeful consciousness. Of what kind is this state? It is the pre-eminent and ‘founding father’–species of the genus, state of consciousness, all other species (sleep1 etc.) being privative derivatives from the original. Consciousness, which is endowed with necessary properties, is constituted-by rather than the cause-of its necessary properties. These last include the negative properties of lacking an intentional object, of not being the perception of anything, and of being inexperiencable, together with the following positive properties: encompassing experience, accessibility of the perceptual attention, suitable mode of belief-formation, obligatory mental activeness together with immediate acquaintance with past and future, and conditional availability of the bodily will. This is a characterization of the consciousness of both rational and non-rational animals.

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