<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Nolan (Daniel) - Classes, Worlds and Hypergunk (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_07/PaperSummary_7052.htm">Classes, Worlds and Hypergunk</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/N/Author_Nolan (Daniel).htm">Nolan (Daniel)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: Monist; Jul2004, Vol. 87 Issue 3, p303-321, 19p</th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=400><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_07/PaperSummary_7052.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF="#ColourConventions">Text Colour-Conventions</a></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><U>Philosophers Index Abstract</U><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1">Hypergunk seems possible: it seems metaphysically possible that there be an object such that all of its parts have proper parts, and for any cardinality, it has a set of parts of that cardinality. If hypergunk is metaphysically possible, many theories of possible worlds, as currently formulated, are false. This paper makes the case for the possibility of hypergunk, and shows how this is a challenge different from many of the other cardinality challenges in the literature. There is then a discussion of how theories of possibility, and related theories such as theories of logical consequence, might deal with this challenge. Focuses on hypergunk's consequences for <a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_121.htm">modality</A><SUP>1</SUP>, citing its effect on formal semantics and model theory. Definition of gunk as stuff which is not made up of mereological atoms; Hypergunk's effect of causing problems for theories of possible worlds; Description of an object with parts; Explanation of the conflict with theories of possible worlds; Discussion of what should be done about this conflict.</ol></FONT><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-03T00:11" pubdate>03/08/2018 00:11:52</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>