<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Divers (John) & Hagen (Jason) - The Modal Fictionalist Predicament (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_07/PaperSummary_7172.htm">The Modal Fictionalist Predicament</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/D/Author_Divers (John).htm">Divers (John)</a> & <A HREF = "../../Authors/H/Author_Hagen (Jason).htm">Hagen (Jason)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: MacBride - Identity and Modality, 2006, Chapter 3</th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=400><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_07/PaperSummary_7172.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF="#ColourConventions">Text Colour-Conventions</a></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><u>Editor s <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P7172_1">Introduction</A></U><SUB>1</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P7172_1"></A></u><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>In 'The <a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_121.htm">Modal</A><SUP>2</SUP> Fictionalist Predicament', John Divers and Jason Hagen turn to consider the metaphysics of <a name="2"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_121.htm">modality</A><SUP>3</SUP> itself. </li><li>According to 'genuine <a name="3"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_121.htm">modal</A><SUP>4</SUP> realism', the metaphysical status of <a name="4"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_121.htm">modal</A><SUP>5</SUP> statements is rendered perspicuous by translating claims about what is possible into (counterpart- theoretic) claims about possible worlds. But the doctrine that there really are such outlandish entities as possible worlds encounters familiar metaphysical and epistemological difficulties. </li><li>However the adherents of '<a name="5"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_121.htm">modal</A><SUP>6</SUP> fictionalism' maintain that the benefits of possible worlds discourse may be secured without these associated costs. They attempt to achieve this by conceiving of possible worlds discourse as itself just an immensely useful fiction that does not commit us to the existence of possible worlds. </li><li>Part of what makes <a name="6"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_121.htm">modal</A><SUP>7</SUP> fictionalism plausible is what Divers has called a 'safety result': the result that translating our ordinary <a name="7"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_121.htm">modal</A><SUP>8</SUP> claims in and out of the fictional discourse of possible worlds will never lead us astray. </li><li>However Divers and Hagen question whether the <a name="8"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_121.htm">modal</A><SUP>9</SUP> fictionalist is in a position to take advantage of this result. Two objections to <a name="9"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_121.htm">modal</A><SUP>10</SUP> fictionalism have arisen over the decade since the doctrine was first advanced. <ul type="disc"><li>According to the first objection, <a name="10"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_121.htm">modal</A><SUP>11</SUP> fictionalism, despite surface appearances, is committed to the existence of a plurality of possible worlds. </li><li>According to the second objection <a name="11"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_121.htm">modal</A><SUP>12</SUP> fictionalism is not even consistent; its acceptance results in <a name="12"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_121.htm">modal</A><SUP>13</SUP> collapse, so that for any <a name="13"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_121.htm">modal</A><SUP>14</SUP> claim X, both X and not-X are true. </li></ul></li><li>Divers and Hagen argue that each objection may be avoided by deft handling of the doctrine. But what, they maintain, <a name="14"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_121.htm">modal</A><SUP>15</SUP> fictionalists cannot do is to avoid one or other of these objections whilst maintaining a right to the safety result that makes <a name="15"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_121.htm">modal</A><SUP>16</SUP> fictionalism plausible in the first place. </li><li>Divers and Hagen conclude that <a name="16"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_121.htm">modal</A><SUP>17</SUP> fictionalism is in a serious predicament. <a name="17"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_121.htm">Modal</A><SUP>18</SUP> fictionalism must be rescued from this predicament if it is to be considered a genuine competitor to genuine <a name="18"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_121.htm">modal</A><SUP>19</SUP> realism. </li></ol></FONT> <u>Sections</u><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>Introduction</li><li>Two Objections and One Benefit</li><li>The First Development</li><li>The Second Development</li><li>Conclusion</li></ol></FONT><BR><HR><BR><U><B>In-Page Footnotes</U></B><a name="On-Page_Link_P7172_1"></A><BR><BR><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P7172_1"><B>Footnote 1</B></A></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>From <a name="19"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_07/Abstract_7161.htm">MacBride (Fraser) - Identity and Modality: Introduction</A>", </li><li>Bullet numbering is mine. </li></ul><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-03T00:09" pubdate>03/08/2018 00:09:30</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>