The Recent History of Materialism: The Same Mistake
Searle (John)
Source: Searle - The Rediscovery of the Mind, 1992, Chapter 2
Paper - Abstract

Paper StatisticsColour-ConventionsDisclaimer


Sections

  1. The Mystery of Materialism
  2. Behaviorism
  3. Type Identity Theories
  4. Token-Token Identity Theories
  5. Black Box Functionalism
  6. Strong Artificial Intelligence
  7. Elliminative Materialism
  8. Naturalising Content
  9. The Moral So Far
    Table 2.1 The General Pattern Exhibited by Recent Materialism

    Theory

    Common-Sense Objections

    Technical Objections

    Logical behaviorism

    Leaves out the mind: super-spartan / super-actor objections

    1. Circular; needs desires to explain beliefs, and conversely. 2. Can't do the conditionals. 3. Leaves out causation1.

    Type identity theory

    Leaves out the mind: or else it leads to property dualism

    1. Neural chauvinism. 2. Leibniz's law2. 3. Can't account for mental properties. 4. Modal3 arguments

    Token identity theory

    Leaves out the mind: absent qualia

    Can't identify the mental features of mental content

    Black box functionalism

    Leaves out the mind: absent qualia and spectrum inversion

    Relation of structure and function is unexplained

    Strong Al (Turing machine functionalism)

    Leaves out the mind: Chinese room

    Human cognition is nonrepresentational and therefore noncomputational

    Eliminative materialism (rejection of folk psychology)

    Denies the existence of the mind: unfair to folk psychology

    Defense of folk psychology

    Naturalizing intentionality

    Leaves out intentionality

    Disjunction problem

  10. The Idols of the Tribe

Text Colour Conventions (see disclaimer)

  1. Blue: Text by me; © Theo Todman, 2018
  2. Mauve: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); © the author(s)



© Theo Todman, June 2007 - Sept 2018. Please address any comments on this page to theo@theotodman.com. File output:
Website Maintenance Dashboard
Return to Top of this Page Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page Return to Theo Todman's Home Page