<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Heller (Mark) - The best candidate approach to diachronic identity (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_09/PaperSummary_9492.htm">The best candidate approach to diachronic identity</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/H/Author_Heller (Mark).htm">Heller (Mark)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: Australasian Journal of Philosophy, Volume 65, Number 4, December 1987, pp. 434-451(18)</th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=400><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_09/PaperSummary_9492.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_09/PapersToNotes_9492.htm">Notes Citing this Paper</A></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><U>Philosophers Index Abstract</U><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1">This paper attempts to get clear about exactly what is wrong with the best candidate approach (bca). The <a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_44.htm">ship of theseus</A><SUP>1</SUP> paradox shows that our intuitions about the sufficient conditions for identity are inconsistent. Bca attempts to resolve the paradox without sacrificing our intuitions. Bca tells us to weight the conditions; in any given case the condition that applies is the most heavily weighted one that is satisfied. David wiggins objects that if bca were true, we would be able to say of a thing a that it is identical to b but could have been identical to c instead. This paper argues that this objection succeeds only if certain <a name="2"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_121.htm">modal</A><SUP>2</SUP> assumptions are made (assumptions about transworld identity or about the truth of certain counterfactuals). It then defends those assumptions in detail. The paper closes with a discussion of a temporal parts solution to the paradox and its relationship to bca.</ol></FONT><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-03T00:10" pubdate>03/08/2018 00:10:23</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>