<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Haukioja (Jussi) - Semantic Externalism and A Priori Self-Knowledge (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_09/PaperSummary_9672.htm">Semantic Externalism and A Priori Self-Knowledge</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/H/Author_Haukioja (Jussi).htm">Haukioja (Jussi)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: This is a preprint of an Article accepted for publication in Ratio 2004 Blackwell Publishing</th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=400><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_09/PaperSummary_9672.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF="#ColourConventions">Text Colour-Conventions</a></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><U>Author s Abstract</U><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>The argument known as the 'McKinsey Recipe' tries to establish the incompatibility of semantic externalism (about <a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_27.htm">natural kind</A><SUP>1</SUP> concepts in particular) and a priori self-knowledge about thoughts and concepts by deriving from the conjunction of these theses an absurd conclusion, such as that we could know a priori that water exists. </li><li>One reply to this argument is to distinguish two different readings of '<a name="2"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_27.htm">natural kind</A><SUP>2</SUP> concept': <ol type="i"><li>a concept which in fact denotes a <a name="3"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_27.htm">natural kind</A><SUP>3</SUP>, and </li><li>a concept which aims to denote a <a name="4"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_27.htm">natural kind</A><SUP>4</SUP>. </ol></li><li>Paul Boghossian has argued, using a Dry Earth scenario, that this response fails, claiming that the externalist cannot make sense of a concept aiming, but failing, to denote a <a name="5"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_27.htm">natural kind</A><SUP>5</SUP>. </li><li>In this paper I argue that Boghossian's argument is flawed. Borrowing machinery from two-dimensional semantics, using the notion of 'considering a possible world as actual', I claim that we can give a determinate answer to Boghossian's question: which concept would 'water' express on Dry Earth?</li></ol></FONT><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-02T07:23" pubdate>02/08/2018 07:23:37</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>