<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Hofmann (Frank) - Substrate (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_09/PaperSummary_9776.htm">Substrate</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/H/Author_Hofmann (Frank).htm">Hofmann (Frank)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: Metaphysica 5.2 (2004), pp. 35-63</th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=400><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_09/PaperSummary_9776.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF="#ColourConventions">Text Colour-Conventions</a></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><U>Philosophers Index Abstract</U><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1">This paper aims at a defense of the substratum theory, according to which there<BR>are concrete particulars which do not have any properties as constituents  called<BR> substrata or  bare particulars . The first and longer part of the defense will<BR>consist in rejecting three important objections against the substratum theory: the<BR>incoherence objection, the objection from bearership, and the objection from the<BR>missing grounding of property possession. In the course of criticizing these<BR>objections, the basic features of substrata will come to light. They are particulars<BR>that instantiate properties <a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1008.htm">(universals)</A><SUP>1</SUP>, even though they do not have properties as<BR>constituents. Substrata may, however, instantiate certain properties essentially.<BR>The second part consists in a more  positive elaboration of the substratum theory.<BR>The hypothesis that will be put forward is: the space-time points are the ideal<BR>candidates for being the substrata of our world. Accepting this hypothesis brings<BR>with it a lot of explanatory potential and, in particular, it allows us to explain the<BR>phenomenon of qualitative change in a way that is superior to both perdurantism<BR>and <a name="2"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_7/Notes_760.htm">endurantism</A><SUP>2</SUP>.</ol></FONT><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-02T07:24" pubdate>02/08/2018 07:24:48</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>