Three Basic Ontological Relations Concerning the Physical Realm
Grünberg (David)
Source: Metaphysica 6.1 (2005), pp. 85-110
Paper - Abstract

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Author’s Abstract

  1. The purpose of this paper is to establish a classification of the main ontological categories based on the predication, subsumption, and inherence relation.
  2. The classification is inspired by Aristotle’s fourfold division of things into objects (primary substances), object kinds (secondary substances), attributes, and attribute kinds.
  3. It is argued that
    1. properties and relations are respectively meanings of monadic and polyadic predicate expressions, and
    2. (determinate) attributes are recurrent abstract particulars so that they are neither monadic nor polyadic.
  4. It follows that attributes constitute a category quite different from that of properties and relations.
  5. On the other hand, both object kinds and attribute kinds are considered to be non-semantic universals1 in contradistinction to properties and relations that are semantic.

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