<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Lucas (J.R.) - The Future - An Essay on God, Temporality and Truth (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_10/PaperSummary_10982.htm">The Future - An Essay on God, Temporality and Truth</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/L/Author_Lucas (J.R.).htm">Lucas (J.R.)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: Lucas - The Future - An Essay on God, Temporality and Truth</th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=600><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_10/PaperSummary_10982.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_10/PapersToNotes_10982.htm">Notes Citing this Paper</A></td><td><A HREF="#ColourConventions">Text Colour-Conventions</a></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><U>Contents</U><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1">Preface<li>Time and Reality  1</li><li>Tenses  14<BR>& i Conjugation  14<BR>& ii Simple Tenses  17<BR>& iii Reichenbach's Reference Point  18<BR>& iv Future Forms  25</li><li>Foreknowledge and Freedom  30<BR>& i The Problem  30<BR>& ii Knowledge and Necessity  34<BR>& iii <I>Necessitas Consequentis</I>  36<BR>& iv <I>Necessitas Consequentiae</I>  40<BR>& v Defeasibility  44<BR>& vi Foreknowledge and Fallibility  48<BR>& vii Foreknowledge and Foretruth  53</li><li>Truth and Bearers of Truth  55<BR>& i The Many Faces of Truth  55<BR>& ii Bearers of Truth  62<BR>& iii Conjectures and Predictions  65<BR>& iv Bivalence  72</li><li><a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_121.htm">Modal Logic</A><SUP>1</SUP>  79<BR>& i Syntactic Approach  79<BR>& ii Semantic Approach  90<BR>& iii Kripke Semantics  92<BR>& iv Prior's Tense Logic  93<BR>& v Critique of Prior's Tense Logic  98</li><li>The Logic of Temporal Standpoints  104<BR>& i Syntax  104<BR>& ii Semantics  115</li><li>Contingency Planning for Naval Logicians  119<BR>& i Syntactic Approach  119<BR>& ii Timeless Truth  125<BR>& iii Guestimates  128<BR>& iv Argument  132</li><li>Tree Semantics  135<BR>& i Tree Shapes  135<BR>& ii Formalities  139<BR>& iii Tree Satisfaction and Temporal Truth  145<BR>& iv The Logic of Temporal Standpoints  149<BR>& v Temporal <a name="2"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_121.htm">Modalities</A><SUP>2</SUP>  152<BR>& vi Moods and Tenses  154<BR>& vii Critique  158</li><li>The Actual Future  161<BR>& i Actuality  161<BR>& ii White Now  162<BR>& iii Branches  166<BR>& iv Sub-trees  170<BR>& v The Sea Battle  173<BR>& vi <a name="3"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_121.htm">Modal</A><SUP>3</SUP> Vacuity of the Actual  175<BR>& vii Temporal Truth  176<BR>& viii Defeasible Truth  177<BR>& ix Conclusion  180</li><li>A <a name="4"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_121.htm">Modal</A><SUP>4</SUP> Derivation of Time  182<BR>& i Time and <a name="5"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_121.htm">Modality</A><SUP>5</SUP>  182<BR>& ii Transitivity of the Future  184<BR>& iii Linearity of the Past  184<BR>& iv Non-linearity of the Future  189<BR>& v Homogeneity and Uniqueness  190<BR>& vi The Maturation of Possibility  193<BR>& vii The Topology of Time  201<BR>& viiii Possible Worlds versus Actual Time  206</li><li>The Vulnerability of God  209<BR>& i Theology  209<BR>& ii Timelessness  211<BR>& iii Changelessness  214<BR>& iv Eternity  216<BR>& v Foreknowledge and Forebelief  221<BR>& vi Perfection  225<BR>& vii Providence  227<BR>& viii Vulnerability and Value  231<BR>Index  234.</li></ol> </FONT><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-03T00:11" pubdate>03/08/2018 00:11:16</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>