Towards a New Philosophy of Biology
Mayr (Ernst)
Source: Mayr - Towards a New Philosophy of Biology
Paper - Abstract

Paper Summary


Philosophers Index Abstract

    Although everything in living organisms strictly obeys the laws of physics and chemistry at the cellular and molecular level, organisms as systems have numerous properties (such as genetic programs) absent from inert matter. For this reason one cannot base a comprehensive philosophy of science only on the physical sciences; it must also include the findings of biology. What such a broadened philosophy of science should contain is presented in great detail in an analysis of the concepts causation, teleology, ethics, natural and sexual selection, adaptation, Darwinism, classification, species, speciation, and macroevolution. The historical development of each of these concepts is also presented.

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