What Price Bivalence?
Quine (W.V.)
Source: Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 78, No. 2, Feb., 1981, pp. 90-95
Paper - Abstract

Paper Summary

Philosophers Index Abstract

    Observation terms, though vague, are immune to the sorites1 paradox until mathematical induction is available, hence until theory emerges. At this point observation terms must indeed be converted to precise theoretical ones, or imagined thus converted, if logic is to remain two-valued. We content ourselves that precision "could" be imposed by arbitrary stipulations. But terms like "table" cannot be made precise even arbitrarily, in respect of microphysical demarcation. Bivalence thus posits not just undecidable matters of fact and unstipulated but stipulatable distinctions of terms, but also unstipulatable distinctions of terms.

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