|Acquisition of Organs|
|Source: Kamm - Morality, Mortality (Vol. 1) - Death and Whom to Save from It, Chapter 11|
|Paper - Abstract|
Deals with the problem of the acquisition and distribution of organs for transplantation1 and allows the application of the foregoing theoretical discussion of saving lives and relevant/irrelevant utilities. As an aid to dealing with categories that are of current concern to the medical community, Ch. 11 starts with a summary of the recommendations of the US Task Force on Organ Transplantation2 on acquisition and distribution of organs, and discusses and criticizes the total-brain-death criterion for death. The next section of the chapter discusses the role of informed consent of the original organ owner and his family in relation to the State in the task of acquiring organs, as well as the moral possibility of sale, trading, and taking of organs. The last section of the chapter considers the morality of more controversial proposals for acquiring organs: ‘donation’ from foetuses3, donation from live donors where there is significant risk to the donor, and (the most radical) killing some persons for the sake of acquiring organs for others.
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