- This is a pseudo-paper used to record time spent against Chapter 1 of my PhD Thesis.
- See this Note1.
- For the actual time recorded, click on "Paper Statistics" above.
Write-up2 (as at 18/04/2019 09:37:26): Thesis - Chapter 01 (Introduction)
- This Chapter provides a motivating statement for the study of the particular path through the topic of Personal Identity I intend to pursue and a brief historical survey of the subject to situate my particular stance.
- Follow this Link3 for a generic statement of how I intend to pursue each Chapter.
- The method is broken down into 12, possibly iterative, stages.
- Follow this Link4 for my progress dashboard on these tasks.
- The methodology for this Chapter differs somewhat from most other Chapters in that there is little real work, other than background reading and checking that the Thesis as a whole hangs together.
- However, I do need to record while reading the general surveys anything that needs to go into the Historical Survey.
- Another couple of “clearing up” tasks5 specific to this Chapter are:-
- To ensure that all the Papers on Identity that I have actually read are referenced somewhere6 in this Thesis.
- To ensure that all the Notes on Identity that I have actually produced are referenced somewhere7 in this Thesis.
Links to Notes
- General Surveys8,
- My Current Stance10
- Maybe others (to be supplied).
- Why should we care about the topic of Personal Identity? The question hardly needs answering, as it’s just about the most important question to be posed by a reflective (if selfish) person. Historically, answers to this question have provided – or so Locke hoped – grounds for the possibility of life after death. Yet, the question is difficult, and has had many attempted solutions offered – and while some philosophers think there is no problem left to solve, there is no consensus as to the answer.
- My favourite paradigm – in the sense of the one I think most likely to be correct, rather than necessary the one I’d like to be correct – is Animalism. This is the claim that we are human animals and that consequently death is the end of us. This sensible view is only supported by around 17% of philosophers, according to a 2009 poll11 with about twice as many supporting some form of psychological view.
- In one sense it is just obvious that we are – in some sense of that weasel word “are” – human animals. But then the problem cases kick in – whether actual real-life cases or thought experiments that may never be real-life possibilities.
- About 36% of the respondents in the aforementioned survey though we could survive teletransportation – though 31% thought that the result would be death.
- Transhumanists12 think we can be uploaded to computers, which makes no sense if we are animals.
- So, as noted, there’s no consensus.
- Further detail to be supplied13.
Main Text: Brief historical survey of the topic of Personal Identity
- As already noted, there are many fine introductory books on this topic, and I don’t intend to compete with them here. What I want to do is situate what I want to say in its historical context. I don’t intend to supply this section with a detailed scholarly apparatus.
- Further detail to be supplied14.
- To make any progress on this topic, we need to come to a conclusion as to what sort of thing we are. We discuss this in the next Chapter15.
- Further details to be supplied16.
Links to Books / Papers to be Addressed17
- In this Chapter I will consider the following papers or book chapters (together with some others referenced by these). There are doubtless many more that are relevant and which will be addressed in the course of the thesis, but these are probably sufficient to get us going.
- The purpose of this Chapter is to introduce and motivate the Thesis. As such, I need to situate it in the history of the topic. This is done in a number of introductory books, General Surveys, or collections of Papers that are standard fodder in courses on Personal Identity.
- Consequently, I will review the various Surveys of Personal Identity that feature in the standard reading lists, both to demonstrate that I’ve read them, and to ensure I’ve missed nothing major.
- If a Paper in a Collection or Chapter in an Introduction is specific to a later Chapter in this Thesis, its consideration may be reserved until a later Chapter, even if the Book itself is not. These will be noted in due course.
- As the topic of Personal Identity stems primarily from Locke’s account, I need a brief statement of what this is. Most of the relevant material will appear in due course in the anthologies, but I few items not anthologised are listed below.
- Other works were considered and either cut or reserved for later, as indicated below. The easiest way to see all the works considered is via the reading list at the end of this Note.
- Introductory or General Books
- "Baillie (James) - Problems in Personal Identity", Baillie
- "Berglund (Stefan) - Human and Personal Identity", Berglund18
- "Bourgeois (Warren) - Persons: What Philosophers Say about You", Bourgeois19.
- "Funkhouser (Eric) - Metaphysics, Spring 2014", Funkhouser20
- "Garrett (Brian) - Personal Identity and Self-consciousness", Garrett
- "Merricks (Trenton) - Objects and Persons", Merricks
- "Noonan (Harold) - Personal Identity", Noonan
- "Papineau (David) - Research Seminar on Personal Identity", Papineau21
- "Shoemaker (David) - Personal Identity and Ethics: A Brief Introduction", Shoemaker_D22
- "Thomas (Janice L.) - Mind and Person in the Philosophy of Religion", Thomas
- "Tye (Michael) - Consciousness and Persons: Unity and Identity", Tye
- "Unger (Peter) - Identity, Consciousness and Value", Unger
→ "Unger (Peter) - Precis of 'Identity, Consciousness and Value'", Unger23
- Standard Collections
- "Harris (Henry) - Identity - Essays Based on Herbert Spencer Lectures Given in the University of Oxford", Harris24
- "Kolak (Daniel) & Martin (Raymond), Eds. - Self and Identity: Contemporary Philosophical Issues", Kolak&Martin
- "Martin (Raymond) & Barresi (John), Eds. - Personal Identity", Martin&Barresi
- "Noonan (Harold), Ed. - Personal Identity (Readings)", Noonan
- "Paul (Ellen), Miller (Fred) & Paul (Jeffrey), Eds. - Personal Identity", Paul&Miller25
- "Perry (John), Ed. - Personal Identity", Perry
- "Rorty (Amélie Oksenberg), Ed. - The Identities of Persons", Rorty
- "Ayers (Michael R.) - Locke (Vol 2 - Ontology)", Part III (Identity), Ayers
- "Jolley (Nicholas) - Personal Identity", Jolley
- "Locke (John) - Of Identity and Diversity", Locke
- "Lowe (E.J.) - Locke: Identity", Lowe
- "Mackie (J.L.) - Identity and Diversity", Mackie
- "Mackie (J.L.) - Personal Identity", Mackie
- "Noonan (Harold) - Locke", Noonan
- "Rovane (Carol) - The Bounds of Agency: An Essay in Revisionary Metaphysics", Rovane
- "Shoemaker (Sydney) - Persons and Their Pasts", Shoemaker_S
- "Winkler (Kenneth) - Locke on Personal Identity", Winkler
- Various works were considered for this Chapter, but were either reserved for consideration in other Chapters, or were rejected, at least for the time being.
- Priority Works to be read later for other Chapters:-
- Secondary Works to be “parked” for the time being:
- This is the write-up as it was when this Abstract was last output, with text as at the timestamp indicated (18/04/2019 09:37:26).
- Link to Latest Write-Up Note.
- These will be left until all Chapters have completed Task 7.
- This may either be “as utilised” or “as ignored”.
- Follow this link for those Papers I’ve read.
- As of mid-Oct 2014, this task is now complete!
Footnote 11: Footnote 17:
- This may either be “as utilised” or “as ignored”.
- Follow this link for the Jump-Table of all my Notes related to Personal Identity.
Footnote 18: As this is a PhD Thesis in my general subject-area, I ought at least to have read it!
- See the section on Research Methodology for what is to be done with these.
- The author’s surname is repeated in the text to make it easier for me to see what’s going on in the encoded text I work on.
Footnote 19: Somewhat elementary, but worth (re-)reading quickly
Footnote 21: This is a set of papers for discussion in a research seminar. Most are probably covered elsewhere, but in case not …
- This is a course of lectures on Metaphysics, at the advanced undergraduate / beginning graduate level.
- All the issues raised – in the discussion of standard papers – many of them covered elsewhere in my Thesis – are useful background.
Footnote 22: For a review, see "Lerner (Berel Dov) - Review of 'Personal Identity and Ethics: A Brief Introduction' by David Shoemaker".
Footnote 23: Decide where to park the various Chapters of this book after reading the précis.
Footnote 25: This is more recent than the others.
- Harris is an interesting case, in that it includes three important papers and three that are off-topic, but important in illustrating the divergent usages of the term “identity”.
Footnote 30: But note that Baker’s account of constitution differs from the mereological account assumed in Rea’s anthology.
Footnote 31: The works by Reuscher and Trupp are too eccentric to be given any priority.
Footnote 32: The works by Slors may be worth reading as a fairly contemporary defence of the psychological view; just not yet.
Footnote 33: The work by Vesey is too out of date for a priority item.
Text Colour Conventions (see disclaimer)
- Blue: Text by me; © Theo Todman, 2019