Thesis - Chapter 07 (The Constitution View and Arguments for It)
Todman (Theo)
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Write-up2 (as at 13/01/2022 00:20:10): Thesis - Chapter 07 (The Constitution View and Arguments for It)

Abstract
  • This Chapter gives an account of Lynne Rudder Baker’s thesis that human persons are not identical to human animals, but are – temporarily at least – constituted by them.



Research Methodology
  • Follow this Link3 for a generic statement of how I intend to pursue each Chapter.
  • The method is broken down into 16, possibly iterative, stages, some of which have sub-stages.
  • Follow this Link4 for my progress dashboard on these tasks.



Chapter Introduction
  1. Baker’s account of Constitution5 is not the standard Mereological6 account, of some composite body being constituted by its parts, but is her own idea that requires – and receives – explication.
  2. Despite this deviation, it is worth spending some time on standard Mereology7, in particular mereological Essentialism8 (which challenges any idea of Persistence9).
  3. Finally – in this introductory section – there needs to be a discussion of Hylomorphism10, an Aristotelian idea that has some modern supporters, and which may or may not be similar to the Constitution View11.
  4. As a cornerstone of her Constitution View12, Baker13 reifies a useful idea – that of a First-Person Perspective14. It is the FPP15 that individuates persons, according to Baker, so the FPP16 requires explanation as well. Baker retrofits its definition so that – according to her – it applies to non-defective Human Beings17 (and, no doubt, higher beings) but not to any non-human Animals18.
  5. The big analogies for the CV19 are TEs20 like the Statue and the Clay21, previously seen in discussions of Contingent Identity22, though this isn’t the message the CV takes because it denies that Constitution is Identity.
  6. I’ve parked in this Chapter discussion of further standard problems of Coincident Objects23, starting with Dion and Theon24 (more recently repackaged as Tibbles the Cat25) and continuing on to classic conundrums such as The Problem of the Many26 and The Ship of Theseus27. They are here because of their connection Mereology, with Constitution being introduced as an explanation, though they are relevant elsewhere as well.
  7. Baker has a commitment to Persons28 being Substances29 in their own right, rather than “Person” being an honorific title applied to substances that at other times might not deserve the honorific. She thinks that a Person30 comes into existence with the FPP31, which make an Ontological32 difference. She denies that many over views Take Persons Seriously33, as we saw in the Chapter 334.
  8. One suspects that Religious35 commitments strongly influence the philosophy of many supporters of the CV, who tend to be Christian Materialists36 who want a way for Christians to persist through Resurrection37. These Notes investigate these matters.



Links to Notes
  1. Constitution38
    1. Mereology39
    2. Hylomorphism41
  2. Constitution View42
    1. First-Person Perspective43
    2. The Statue and the Clay44
    3. Other Coincident Objects45
  3. Christian Materialism50
    1. Lynne Rudder Baker51
    2. Religion52



Main Text
  1. Constitution53
    1. Text to be supplied.
    1. Mereology54
      1. Text to be supplied.
    2. Hylomorphism56
      1. Text to be supplied.
  2. Constitution View57
    1. Text to be supplied.
    1. First-Person Perspective58
      1. Text to be supplied.
    2. The Statue and the Clay59
      1. Text to be supplied.
    3. Other Coincident Objects60
      1. Text to be supplied.
  3. Christian Materialism65
    1. Text to be supplied.
    1. Lynne Rudder Baker66
      1. Text to be supplied.
    2. Religion67
      1. Text to be supplied.


Concluding Remarks
  1. Having now discussed both Animalism and the Constitution View, we can now in our next Chapter68 turn to the arguments against these views, starting with those against Animalism.
  2. This is work in progress69.


Links to Books / Papers to be Addressed70
  1. This section attempts to derive the readings lists automatically from those of the underlying Notes, but removing duplicated references. The list is divided into:-
  2. I’ve not been overly careful to segregate the reading-list of this Chapter from that of Chapter 973. I will address the segregation in due course. There will, in any case, be some overlap.
  3. While Baker’s understanding of constitution is distinct from a mereological one, it is necessary to understand mereology.
  4. I’m not sure whether the section on co-location belongs here, but it must go somewhere!
  5. Many aspects of these papers will need to be either ignored or reserved for other chapters.



Works on this topic that I’ve actually read74, include the following:-
  1. Constitution
    1. Constitution75
    2. Mereology77
    3. Hylomorphism79
  2. Constitution View
    1. Constitution View80
    2. First-Person Perspective94
    3. The Statue and the Clay97
    4. Other Coincident Objects103
  3. Christian Materialism111
  4. Christian Materialism114
    1. Lynne Rudder Baker115
    2. Religion122


A further reading list might start with:-
  1. Constitution
    1. Constitution125
    2. Mereology127
    3. Hylomorphism129
  2. Constitution View
    1. Constitution View130
    2. First-Person Perspective131
    3. The Statue and the Clay132
    4. Other Coincident Objects135
  3. Christian Materialism143
  4. Christian Materialism146
    1. Lynne Rudder Baker147
    2. Religion148



In-Page Footnotes

Footnote 2:
  • This is the write-up as it was when this Abstract was last output, with text as at the timestamp indicated (13/01/2022 00:20:10).
  • Link to Latest Write-Up Note.
Footnote 70:
  • See the section on Research Methodology for what is to be done with these.
Footnote 83:
  • The whole book is relevant, but the most relevant Chapters are also listed separately.
Footnote 88: Footnote 90: Footnote 96:
  • This Chapter has rather more to do with distributive ethics than personal identity or the FPP.
Footnote 98:
  • Clay seems to be used in a discussion of fusion.
Footnote 124:
  • This is a Note – that needs sorting out a bit – that demonstrates the impact of religious doctrines on narrative identity.
  • I’ve added it here partly because I’d forgotten all about it.
Footnote 126: Footnote 133:
  • Propositional attitudes “create” statues and other artifacts.
Footnote 134:
  • This looks like an important paper, which rejects the “proofs” of 4D based on the “coincidence” TEs.
Footnote 136: Footnote 140: Footnote 142: Footnote 144:
  • I’ve not bought the book as it is too expensive!
Footnote 149: Footnote 150:

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  1. Blue: Text by me; © Theo Todman, 2022



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