Thesis - Chapter 08 (Arguments against Animalism)
Todman (Theo)
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Write-up2 (as at 13/01/2022 00:20:10): Thesis - Chapter 08 (Arguments against Animalism)

Abstract
  • A discussion of the arguments against animalism, as given by those of anti-animalist persuasion and defended by the principal animalists (with a focus on Eric Olson), with a critique.



Research Methodology
  • Follow this Link3 for a generic statement of how I intend to pursue each Chapter.
  • The method is broken down into 16, possibly iterative, stages, some of which have sub-stages.
  • Follow this Link4 for my progress dashboard on these tasks.



Chapter Introduction
  1. There is effectively a 1-1-match between this Chapter and the Note Animalism – Objections5, though I imagine that this Chapter will be more focussed and less exploratory than that Note.
  2. The main objections are those of incredulity to the Animalist claim that “matters of psychology are irrelevant to personal identity”, when most philosophers have – and still do – think it’s constitutive of it, though – as I’ve said previously and often – this is to confuse What Matters6 to us with What we Are7.
  3. Then we have the Brain Transplant Intuition8 – that we go with our brains. It is very difficult to resist this intuition – for reasons I’ve given under Psychological Continuity - Forward9, though Eric Olson10 insists that the Animalist must deny it as a brain isn’t an Organism11.
  4. Then, there are awkward pathological cases where it’s not clear quite what the animalist should say. I’ve collected these under the Note on Dicephalus12.
  5. Finally, there’s the question of what’s going on during Pregnancy13, which Animalists have allegedly failed to address. Is the Fetus14 a part of the mother? If so, we’d have a case of Fission15 at birth. Traditionalists would deny this, so the problem ‘goes away’, but it needs to be considered carefully from the actual biology (covered in the previous Note and those on Zygotes16 and Embryos17).
  6. I’ve also included the topic of Abortion18 as part of this Chapter, though it’s maybe either misplaced, or not sufficiently relevant.



Links to Notes
  1. Animalism19. Excluded20
  2. Arguments against Animalism21
    1. Pregnancy22
    2. Dicephalus27



Main Text
  1. Animalism28. Excluded29
  2. Arguments against Animalism30
    1. Text to be supplied.
    1. Pregnancy31
      1. Text to be supplied.
    2. Dicephalus36
      1. Text to be supplied.



Concluding Remarks
  1. Having now discussed the arguments against Animalism, we now in our next Chapter37 turn to the arguments against the Constitution View.
  2. This is work in progress38.


Links to Books / Papers to be Addressed39
  1. This section attempts to derive the readings lists automatically from those of the underlying Notes, but removing duplicated references. The list is divided into:-
  2. I’ve not been overly careful to segregate the reading-list of this Chapter from that of Chapter 642. I will address the segregation in due course. There will, in any case, be some overlap.
  3. Many aspects of these papers will need to be either ignored or reserved for other chapters.



Works on this topic that I’ve actually read43, include the following:-
  1. Arguments against Animalism44
    1. Pregnancy54
    2. Dicephalus63


A further reading list might start with:-
  1. Arguments against Animalism65
    1. Pregnancy68
    2. Dicephalus79



In-Page Footnotes

Footnote 2:
  • This is the write-up as it was when this Abstract was last output, with text as at the timestamp indicated (13/01/2022 00:20:10).
  • Link to Latest Write-Up Note.
Footnotes 20, 29:
  • This Note will be excluded from the Reading List for this Chapter.
  • It is included in the Reading List for Chapter 6.
Footnote 39:
  • See the section on Research Methodology for what is to be done with these.
Footnote 56:
  • This is a well-known and important book that I read a long time ago, but which doesn’t seem to have been referenced hitherto.
Footnote 61: Footnote 69:
  • The item that my algorithms drew my attention to is the possibility of “post-mortem pregnancy”.
  • This anomalous notion is motivated by the adoption of “brain death” as the legal or clinical definition of death, where the mother is deemed dead but is evidently sufficiently biologically alive to carry the fetus as far as viability.
Footnote 70:
  • Doubtless of very dubious relevance, but you never know.
Footnote 72: Footnote 73: Footnote 74:
  • This paper might be as well considered in the Note on Pregnancy.
Footnote 76: See, in particular,

Text Colour Conventions (see disclaimer)

  1. Blue: Text by me; © Theo Todman, 2022



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