<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Proust (Joelle) - Epistemic Agency and Metacognition: an Externalist View (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_12/PaperSummary_12869.htm">Epistemic Agency and Metacognition: an Externalist View</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/P/Author_Proust (Joelle).htm">Proust (Joelle)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, 2 June 2008</th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=400><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_12/PaperSummary_12869.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF="#ColourConventions">Text Colour-Conventions</a></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><u>Author s Introduction</u><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>Today's epistemologists debate about the respective roles of evidence and of subjective responsibility in a definition of knowledge. </li><li>It is often assumed that agents can be held responsible for the way they control their processes of knowledge acquisition. An ability to control the process through which a given belief is formed has been presented as a necessary condition for an agent being possibly justified, rather than simply entitled to form that belief. </li><li>The question of knowing what is involved in the control of one's mental agency, however, is rarely if ever addressed. Is the control of one's perception, memory, reasoning, relying on something like introspective capacities? Or does is rely on external constraints ? </li><li>A first aim of this article is to explore these questions. The control of one's mental agency encompasses two kinds of reflective, evaluative operations, which together constitute metacognition. Self-probing predicts whether one has the cognitive resources needed for the success of some specific mental task at hand. Post-evaluating appreciates retrospectively whether the mental property that is attained as a result of a mental action conforms to the norm of adequacy for that action (section I). </li><li>A second aim is to examine whether recognizing the contribution of epistemic feelings to metacognitive interventions in mental agency favors an internalist type of epistemic status for self-knowledge acquisition (section II). </li><li>Section III provides arguments for rejecting internalism about metacognition; it introduces a "brain-in-the-lab" <a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_32.htm">thought experiment</A><SUP>1</SUP> to fuel externalist intuitions about metacognition; it discusses two possible types of strategies in favor of an externalist conception of metacognitive entitlement, respectively based on evolutionary considerations and on learning. </li><li>Section IV examines a generalization of the <a name="2"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_32.htm">thought experiment</A><SUP>2</SUP> to twin-cases, and discusses the merit of a third externalist strategy, based on dynamic-coupling properties constituting the viability core of a mental task. </li></ol></FONT><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-02T07:50" pubdate>02/08/2018 07:50:50</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>