<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Barnes (Kenneth) - Aristotle on Identity and Its Problems (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_13/PaperSummary_13019.htm">Aristotle on Identity and Its Problems</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/B/Author_Barnes (Kenneth).htm">Barnes (Kenneth)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: Phronesis, Vol. 22, No. 1 (1977), pp. 48-62</th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=600><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_13/PaperSummary_13019.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_13/PapersToNotes_13019.htm">Notes Citing this Paper</A></td><td><A HREF="#ColourConventions">Text Colour-Conventions</a></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><U>Author s Introduction</U><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>There are certain problematic arguments, collective reference to which is often compressed into the expression, "the problems of identity." Strictly speaking, of course, there are no problems of identity. But there are problems, if only apparent, for a certain view about identity, namely, the view that identicals are indiscernible. In light of the seeming freshness of these philosophical problems, it is remarkable that we find in Aristotle's early writings what seems to be a formulation of the view that identicals are indiscernible, as well as a confrontation with certain arguments that raise apparent difficulties for that view. Philosophers have not always been clear about these arguments, and some have taken them to prove the need to qualify the view that identicals are indiscernible. Aristotle is among those who have drawn such a conclusion, but so are some contemporary philosophers. In this paper I examine Aristotle's solution to certain problems of identity. I attempt to state the solution clearly and indicate the mixture of insight and error that influenced it. </li><li><B>Aristotle's Law</B>: There is a principle that states:  If x and y are identical, then every attribute of the one is an attribute of the other . Often called "<a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_81.htm">Leibniz's Law</A><SUP>1</SUP>," or "one-half of <a name="2"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_81.htm">Leibniz's Law</A><SUP>2</SUP>," the principle does not seem to be due to Leibniz at all. Scholarly investigations of late have turned up no evidence that (the <a name="3"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_81.htm">Indiscernibility of Identicals)</A><SUP>3</SUP> is among the principles asserted by that philosopher. Some - myself included - have thought the principle due to Aristotle.</li></ol></FONT><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-02T07:53" pubdate>02/08/2018 07:53:11</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>