<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Harris (John) - The Survival Lottery (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_13/PaperSummary_13024.htm">The Survival Lottery</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/H/Author_Harris (John).htm">Harris (John)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: Philosophy, Vol. 50, No. 191 (Jan., 1975), pp. 81-87</th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=600><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_13/PaperSummary_13024.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_13/PapersToNotes_13024.htm">Notes Citing this Paper</A></td><td><A HREF="#ColourConventions">Text Colour-Conventions</a></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><u>Author s Introduction</u><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>Let us suppose that organ <a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_104.htm">transplant</A><SUP>1</SUP> procedures have been perfected; in such circumstances if two dying patients could be saved by organ <a name="2"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_104.htm">transplants</A><SUP>2</SUP> then, if surgeons have the requisite organs in stock and no other needy patients, but nevertheless allow their patients to die, we would be inclined to say, and be justified in saying, that the patients died because the doctors refused to save them. </li><li>But if there are no spare organs in stock and none otherwise available, the doctors have no choice, they cannot save their patients and so must let them die. In this case we would be disinclined to say that the doctors are in any sense the cause of their patients' deaths. </li><li>But let us further suppose that the two dying patients, Y and Z, are not happy about being left to die. They might argue that it is not strictly true that there are no organs which could be used to save them. Y needs a new heart and Z new lungs. They point out that if just one healthy person were to be killed his organs could be removed and both of them be saved. </li><li>We and the doctors would probably be alike in thinking that such a step, while technically possible, would be out of the question. We would not say that the doctors were killing their patients if they refused to prey upon the healthy to save the sick. And because this sort of surgical Robin Hoodery is out of the question we can tell Y and Z that they cannot be saved, and that when they die they will have died of natural causes and not of the neglect of their doctors. Y and Z do not however agree, they insist that if the doctors fail to kill a healthy man and use his organs to save them, then the doctors will be <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P13024_3">responsible</A></U><SUB>3</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P13024_3"></A> for their deaths. </li></ol> </FONT><BR><HR><BR><U><B>In-Page Footnotes</U></B><a name="On-Page_Link_P13024_3"></A><BR><BR><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P13024_3"><B>Footnote 3</B></A></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>This is a purely ethical discussion (from what I can see, not having read the paper), and nothing to do with survival and personal identity.</li><li>However, the question would be more interesting if  provided Y and Z could supply one another s required organ(s)  that one of Y or Z  both of whom would otherwise die  should be chosen (by lottery) to receive the other s organ(s)  the other thereby dying. </li><li>Would this be either morally permissible or morally compulsory? </li></ul> <FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-02T07:53" pubdate>02/08/2018 07:53:16</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>